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Maitake mushroom

    Other name( s):

    Champignon dansant, champignon des fous dansants, champignon maitake, dancing mushroom, grifola, grifola frondosa, hen of the woods, hongo maitake, king of mushrooms, maitake, monkey’s bench, mushroom, return of investment des champignons, rack fungi.

    Summary

    Maitake mushroom is a fungi that has been eaten as food in asia for thousands of years. Individuals also utilize it to make medication.

    Maitake mushroom is utilized to deal with cancer and likewise to relieve a few of the adverse effects of chemical treatment (chemotherapy) for cancer. It is likewise used for hiv/aids, fatigue syndrome (cfs), liver disease, hay fever, diabetes, hypertension, high cholesterol, weight-loss or control, and infertility due to a condition called polycystic ovary syndrome.

    If you choose to gather maitake mushrooms, make certain you can tell them apart from poisonous mushrooms. This job is probably best left to experts.

    How does it work?

    Maitake mushroom contains chemicals which might assist battle growths and stimulate the body immune system. There is some evidence that it can decrease blood pressure, improve cholesterol levels, lower blood glucose levels, and decrease weight in rats, but this has actually not been shown for people yet. (1 ).

    What health benefits are connected to maitake mushroom?

    Compared to other mushrooms, maitake has revealed much better results in avoiding and dealing with cancer and other health conditions. Maitake also has a favorable result on general resistance.

    Maitake mushrooms are abundant in:.

    The mushrooms are likewise:.

    • Fat-free
    • Low-sodium
    • Low-calorie
    • Cholesterol-free

    Scientists are currently studying the special method the mushroom supports general health and fights illness.

    What the research study states

    Lab research study recommends that maitake might work in dealing with specific diseases. More studies are required to confirm its effect on humans, however the current findings are appealing.

    Cancer

    A 2013 study indicates that maitake d-fraction could be useful in preventing and dealing with breast cancer. Researchers suggest that this mushroom can battle the development and reproduction of cancerous cells.

    Maitake mushroom has actually been shown to reduce tumor growth in mice. It can likewise increase the number of cells combating versus the tumor. This suggests that it might also work in handling cancer in people when taken orally.

    An earlier study found maitake d-fraction, which is an extract, to be efficient in killing human cancer cells. It was taken together with a protein that also combats cancer and was successful in increasing the protein’s effectiveness.

    Cholesterol

    Researchers in a 2013 study found that maitake powdered extract reduced cholesterol levels in mice. It was likewise shown to increase fats that offer energy. Because of this, researchers theorized that consuming maitake mushroom might assist keep arteries healthy.

    Type 2 diabetes

    The results of a 2015 research study showed that maitake mushroom can have a positive result on rats with type 2 diabetes. During the study, maitake mushroom intake had a positive effect on glucose levels of rats. This points to the mushroom’s potential to treat type 2 diabetes in human beings.

    Maitake mushroom may also work in treating:

    • Cold and influenza infections
    • High or low high blood pressure
    • Immune function
    • Adverse effects of chemotherapy (2 )

    Botany

    The maitake mushroom is found in northeastern japan however also grows and is cultivated in the united states and europe. It is a basidiomycetes fungus in the polyporaceae family (synonym, polyporus frondosus cocks. Ex french fries). The maitake mushroom grows in clusters near the foot of oak trees and can reach 50 cm in base diameter. One lot can weigh as much as 45 kg (100 pounds). Maitake has a rippling, flowery appearance looking like dancing butterflies, hence among its common names, dancing mushroom.

    Chemistry

    The polysaccharide beta-glucan is present in low amounts (0% to 0.2%) 2 in most of the mushrooms in the polyporaceae household (eg, reishi mushroom) and possesses antitumor activity. The d fraction of beta-glucan appears to be the most active and powerful form of the polysaccharide, a protein-bound extract established in japan. An md-fraction has actually now been described, as well, with purportedly exceptional activity. Both structure-functional relationship and fractionation by anion exchange chromatography of beta-glucan8 have been reported.

    Neutral, acidic, and water-soluble polysaccharides have been extracted from maitake, and their structure has actually been determined. 2 different glycan conformations have actually been obtained from the plant. The beta-1,3- glycan grifolan conformation has been clarified using magnetic resonance spectroscopy.

    Ascorbic acid analog and glycoside studies have been reported. A lectin from maitake has been isolated and defined. In addition, a grifolisin enzyme and the enzyme phytase have been explained and lysophosphatidylethanolamine has actually been determined in research studies analyzing apoptosis in neuronal cells.

    Structural characterization of maitake extract constituents and carbon-13 nuclear magnetic resonance analysis of the fruit body’s constituents have actually been performed.

    Dosing

    Disease-prevention dosages of industrial preparations range from 12 to 25 mg of the extract and 200 to 250 mg or 500 to 2,500 mg of entire powder daily. A trial among hiv-positive patients used doses of 6 g/day whole powder or 20 mg cleansed extract with 4 g whole maitake powder. (3 ).

    Conventional usage (might not be supported by clinical research studies)

    Historically, maitake has actually been utilized as a tonic and adaptogen (a compound that rejuvenates or enhances the system). Along with other “medical” mushrooms, such as shiitake and reishi, maitake was utilized as a food to help promote wellness and vitality.

    Parts used & & where grown

    Maitake is a large mushroom, which grows deep in the mountains of northeastern japan, in addition to in the United States and Canada and europe. Famous for its taste and health benefits, maitake is likewise known as the “dancing mushroom.” 1 legend holds that those who discovered the rare mushroom began dancing with delight. Others associate its name to the method the fruit bodies of the mushroom overlap each other, giving the appearance of dancing butterflies.

    Maitake is exceptionally conscious ecological modifications, which have provided numerous challenges to those cultivating this mushroom. However, japanese farmers have prospered in producing high-quality organic maitake mushrooms, allowing for larger availability both in japan and the u.s. The fruiting body and mycelium of maitake are used. (4 ).

    Maitake mushroom nutrition truths

    One cup of diced raw maitake mushrooms (70g) contains 22 calories, 0.1 g of fat, 4.9 g of carbohydrates, and 1.4 g of protein. Maitake are an outstanding source of vitamin d, phosphorus, and Potassium. The following nutrition info for one cup of raw, diced maitake mushrooms (70g) is offered by the usda.

    Carbohydrates

    One 70 gram serving of maitake mushrooms contains 4.9 grams of carbs. The exact same serving size of maitake mushrooms provides 1.9 g of fiber and 1.4 g of sugar.

    For the serving size, this makes maitake mushrooms a high-fiber food. The fiber types offered by maitake mushrooms include β-glucans (beta-glucans), chitin, and heteropolysaccharides.

    Fats

    Maitake mushrooms consist of little fat, with just 0.1 gram of fat per serving, none of which is saturated or transfat.

    Protein

    Maitake mushrooms include just 1.4 grams of protein in a 1-cup (70g) serving. Maitake mushrooms are not a total protein source, meaning they lack a few of the necessary Amino acids.

    Vitamins and minerals

    Similar to other mushroom ranges, maitakes include numerous minerals and vitamins. A 70-gram serving supplies 20mg of vitamin d, 52mg of phosphorus, 0.5 mg of zinc, 7mg of magnesium, and 143mg of Potassium. They also consist of numerous b vitamins, consisting of 14.7 mcg of folate. Maitakes are also an exceptional source of plant-based choline (35mg).

    Calories

    A one-cup (70g) serving of maitake mushrooms consists of 22 calories with 74% of those calories originating from carbs, 21% from protein, and 5% from fat.

    Summary

    Maitake mushrooms are a nutrient-dense food low in calories, carbs, and fat. Maitake mushrooms are a plant-based source of vitamin d, b vitamins, choline, and zinc, which are generally discovered more often in animal sources. They also offer other minerals such as phosphorus, magnesium, and Potassium. (5 ).

    Maitake green tea

    Green tea is a healthy powerhouse and research shows it can help you live longer and much healthier. There are several varieties of Green tea and all can be used for this mushroom tea recipe. Japanese green teas will provide a sweeter, more vegetal taste while chinese green teas will be more earthy and vibrant. shiitake mushrooms can be replacemented for maitake if needed.

    Ingredients:

    • 10 grams maitake mushrooms
    • 1 teaspoon vanilla extract or 1/2 a vanilla bean
    • 1 tablespoon loose leaf Green tea
    • 8 ounces warm water

    Instructions:

    1. Heat water in a big pot till it reaches a boil.
    2. Add the maitake mushrooms and steep for 10 to 15 minutes.
    3. Turn heat to medium prior to including vanilla and Green tea leaves.
    4. Steep for 5 more minutes.
    5. Strain the tea leaves and mushroom pieces using a fine mesh strainer. Delight in! (6 )

    Why consume maitake tea?

    Believe it or not, maitake tea is made with maitake mushrooms. They grow wild in parts of japan, china, and north america and have actually been utilized in conventional medication for countless years, thanks to its impact on general health and energy levels.

    Maitake mushrooms are nutritional powerhouses, loaded with anti-oxidants, beta glucans, vitamins b and c, Amino acids, in addition to minerals like Copper, Potassium and fiber.

    Why discover how to make maitake tea?

    First things first: there are great deals of reasons adding maitake tea to your diet can improve your health. But do not forget– maitake is powerful.

    Speak to your medical professional about whether maitake mushrooms are right for you because they can communicate with other treatments. If you’re prepping for (or recuperating from) surgery, it’s a great idea to give maitake a miss out on for a month or so. In the meantime, have a look at these possible benefits:.

    Maitake tea for the body immune system

    When it pertains to anti-oxidants, maitake loads a punch. Not just that, maitake is high in beta-glucan, d-fraction, md-fraction, and sx-fraction. These are protein polysaccharides that have been discovered to have a favorable impact on the body immune system. Entering into influenza season and with other bugs on the radar, you might succeed to add maitake to your program.

    Remember, both fresh, liquid and powdered mushrooms hold high antioxidant levels– and mushrooms have heaps of other benefits, too.

    Maitake tea for heart health

    Another powerful polysaccharide in maitake mushrooms is beta glucan. This fungis gem can help reduce your ldl cholesterol (the “bad” one) without affecting your triglyceride (” good”) cholesterol levels.

    You probably already understand that having high cholesterol levels isn’t terrific news. But reducing your cholesterol can improve your artery functionality and lower your risk of cardiovascular disease. Much better cardiovascular health is absolutely excellent news!

    Maitake tea for blood glucose

    A 2015 research study found that maitake mushrooms had favorable effects on rats with type 2 diabetes. Further study is needed, but it points to maitake’s potential to aid with type 2 diabetes and healthy blood sugar levels in people.

    How to make maitake tea

    If you like an easy, no difficulty way to get the benefits of maitake tea, just include a teaspoon of powdered maitake medical mushrooms to whatever you’re consuming. Our creator, graham, is likewise a fan of the yoghurt technique. We asked him to elaborate and he stated “you simply put it in your yoghurt,” which appears easy enough.

    If you like something with a bit more pizazz, attempt these recipes on for size.

    Organic maitake tea

    Stir 1/2 to one teaspoon of maitake medicinal mushroom powder into 250ml of hot water. Sweeten to taste with honey or stevia– then take a lap around the garden. Mint, sage, and lemon all make terrific additions to maitake tea. If you choose a creamier beverage, usage hot milk or a milk alternative of your choice.

    Make your maitake tea a hot chocolate

    Integrate warm water with 1/2 to one teaspoon of maitake medicinal mushroom powder. Permit this mixture to high for a couple of minutes. Top up with 1/4 cup of milk or milk alternative, a teaspoon raw cacao, and a teaspoon of honey.

    Blitz in the blender for a foamy top. (7 ).

    Do not take if

    You are taking blood sugar-lowering medications: maitake might increase their effects in type-2 diabetic patients.

    You are taking warfarin: according to a case report, maitake can engage with warfarin resulting in an elevated international normalized ratio (inr). (8 ).

    The risks of maitake mushroom supplements

    Supplement types

    An extract of the maitake mushroom called maitake d-fraction is typically sold as a supplement in tablet, pill and liquid type. Other commonly offered supplements include powdered, freeze-dried maitake mushrooms in capsules. Supplements may be identified maitake, maitake d-fraction or beta glucan. Maitake mushrooms are also combined with other components in some solutions promoted to enhance the immune system.

    Medicinal uses

    Promoters claim that besides normally increasing the immune system, the maitake mushroom can suppress tumor growth and enhance the effects of chemotherapy in cancer clients. According to the american cancer society, much of the maitake’s credibility as an immune system strengthener depended on folklore up until recent years, when scientists began studying the mushroom. Maitake d-fraction has actually revealed positive impacts on the immune system in laboratory and animal studies. There have actually not sufficed clinical research studies to reason about maitake mushroom supplements’ advantages and threats to human beings.

    Risks of maitake supplements

    Consumed as food in normal quantities, maitakes most likely don’t position a threat unless you dislike them, according to the american cancer society. There’s not enough evidence to determine any threats of taking maitake mushroom supplements in medical quantities, and the susan g. Komen foundation advises against taking maitake if you’re pregnant or breast-feeding. Individuals with an immune condition should likewise continue carefully. A small study of breast cancer clients reported in the “journal of cancer research study and scientific oncology” in 2009 found that liquid maitake extracts enhanced some body immune system functions however depressed other immune functions. Maitake could also present threats to individuals with low blood pressure, bleeding conditions or diabetes, according to the komen structure.

    Interactions with drugs

    Due to the fact that they might increase bleeding, take care about taking maitake mushroom supplements if you are also taking blood-thinning medications such as warfarin. Komen also advises versus mixing maitake mushroom supplements with diabetes or high blood pressure medications. Consult your medical professional before taking the mushroom supplements if you are on drugs that may interact with the maitake. (9 ).

    Supplement-drug interactions can be harmful and, in uncommon cases, even life-threatening. Constantly consult your doctor prior to supplementing and let them learn about all drugs and supplements you are utilizing or thinking about.

    One case report recorded a possible interaction in between maitake d-fraction and a blood thinner, warfarin.

    Due to their anti-diabetic and blood pressure-lowering impacts, maitake supplements might engage with drugs for these conditions.

    If you’re taking any of the above drugs, make sure not to take maitake supplements prior to talking to your physician. (10 ).

    Medications for hypertension (antihypertensive drugs) communicates with maitake mushroom

    Maitake mushroom may reduce high blood pressure. Taking maitake mushroom in addition to medications that lower high blood pressure might trigger blood pressure to go too low. Display your blood pressure carefully.

    Medications for diabetes (antidiabetes drugs) interacts with maitake mushroom

    Maitake mushroom may decrease blood sugar level levels. Taking maitake mushroom in addition to diabetes medications may cause blood glucose to drop too low. Monitor your blood sugar carefully.

    Special safety measures and cautions

    Pregnancy and breast-feeding: there isn’t sufficient dependable information to know if maitake mushroom is safe to use when pregnant or breast-feeding. Stay on the safe side and avoid usage.

    Surgical treatment: maitake mushroom may impact blood glucose levels, making blood sugar level control hard during and after surgery. Stop using maitake mushroom a minimum of 2 weeks prior to a set up surgical treatment. (11 ).

    When buying maitake:

    Search for extracts standardized to the d-fraction of maitake (originated from a polysaccharide called beta glucan). Commercial preparations typically supply 3 to 25 mg of standardized d– or md-fraction plus 75 to 250 mg entire powder per capsule.

    Maitake dose:

    Disease-prevention dosages of business preparations vary from 12 to 25 mg of the extract and 200 to 250 mg or 500 to 2,500 mg of entire powder daily.

    Kid’s dose:

    None defined. Might think about half the adult dosage in kids aged 6-12 years.

    Dr. Dwayne states:

    I’m a terrific believer in the immune-enhancing and cancer-protective homes of asian mushrooms, consisting of maitake. It is edible and delicious, and part of the recommendations in my anti-inflammatory diet pyramid. You should be able to find it dried or fresh in japanese markets, gourmet shops, or upscale supermarkets or as extracts. (12 ).

    Clinical summary

    Maitake is an edible mushroom consumed commonly in asia as food and utilized in conventional medication to deal with diabetes and hypertension. Its extracts are commercially offered as dietary supplements marketed to “improve immune function” and to deal with hiv and cancer. Beta 1,6-glucan, a protein bound polysaccharide, has actually been determined as the active constituent. Maitake extracts showed hypoglycemic impacts in a few studies. Initial information likewise suggest that they might work in inducing ovulation in clients with polycystic ovary syndrome.

    In other studies, maitake demonstrated antitumor results, enhanced bone marrow colony development, lowered doxorubicin toxicity, and inhibited growth transition in vitro. In murine designs, orally administered extracts promoted maturation of hematopoietic cells to functionally active myeloid cells and improved peripheral blood leukocyte healing following chemotoxic bone marrow injury; and safeguarded against cyclophosphamide-induced immunosuppression. A novel polysaccharide, mzf, was shown to induce dendritic cell maturation and improved antitumor action; a selenium-enriched polysaccharide improved the antitumor activity of 5-fu; and a mix of polysaccharides and vitamin c was reported to induce apoptosis and autophagy in human hepatoma cells. Maitake also improved interferon activity versus bladder cancer cells and relieved swelling related to inflammatory bowel disease.

    In addition, a maitake portion showed antileishmanial results; and a maitake polysaccharide has been reported to ameliorate lipid metabolic disorders by modulating gut microbial phylotypes and by managing genes associated with hepatic lipid and cholesterol metabolism.

    In a little non-controlled research study, tumor regression or substantial enhancements in signs were observed in half of the topics who took maitake extract. In a trial of postmenopausal breast cancer patients, oral administration of a maitake extract was shown to have immunomodulatory results; and to boost neutrophil and monocyte function in clients with myelodysplastic syndrome. More studies are underway to evaluate maitake’s anticancer capacity. (13 ).

    Recommendations

    1. Https://www.rxlist.com/maitake_mushroom/supplements.htm
    2. Https://www.healthline.com/health/food-nutrition/maitake-mushroom#benefits
    3. Https://www.drugs.com/npp/maitake.html
    4. Https://wa.kaiserpermanente.org/kbase/topic.jhtml?Docid=hn-2127000#hn-2127000-related-information
    5. Https://www.verywellfit.com/the-benefits-of-maitake-89037
    6. Https://senchateabar.com/blogs/blog/how-to-make-mushroom-tea
    7. Https://www.touchwoodmushrooms.com/blogs/news/how-to-make-maitake-tea
    8. Https://www.mskcc.org/cancer-care/integrative-medicine/herbs/maitake
    9. Https://healthyeating.sfgate.com/risks-maitake-mushroom-supplements-10999.html
    10. Https://supplements.selfdecode.com/blog/maitake-mushrooms/
    11. Https://www.webmd.com/vitamins/ai/ingredientmono-560/maitake-mushroom
    12. Https://www.drweil.com/vitamins-supplements-herbs/herbs/maitake/
    13. Https://www.mskcc.org/cancer-care/integrative-medicine/herbs/maitake

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