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Hericium erinaceus – Bearded Tooth

    Regardless of its monochrome colouring, Hericium erinaceus is by any requirements one of our most striking of forest fungis. The fruitbodies appear on damaged or dropped trees generally in old (generally deciduous) forest.

    Sadly, Hericium erinaceus (in some guidebook it is noted as Hericium erinaceum) which is commonly described as Bearded Tooth or Tree Hedgehog fungi, is unusual in the UK, where it grows generally on Beech and oak trees, and is a Biodiversity Action Strategy (BAP) species.


    A very rare sight in Britain, where it is found generally in southern England and eastern Wales, Hericium erinaceus occurs likewise in numerous parts of Europe, being especially prevalent and abundant in central and southern France. This species is likewise discovered in The United States and Canada; I have actually seen woodlands in South Carolina adorned with Lion’s Manes like extravagant Christmas-tree decors (and yes, it was throughout the last week of December!).

    Taxonomic history

    When French botanist-mycologist Jean Baptiste Francois (Pierre) Bulliard explained Bearded Tooth fungi in 1780 he offered it the binomial taxonomic name Hydnum erinaceus. It was Christiaan Hendrik Persoon who in 1797 transferred this types to its present genus, whereupon its taxonomic name became Hericium erinaceus, which still stands today.


    Hericium, the generic name, suggests pertaining to a hedgehog, and is a reference to the spiny fertile surfaces of fungis within this grouping. As so often with the type species of a genus, the specific epithet erinaceus suggests much the same as the generic name: like a hedgehog. Envision an upturned, pallid hedgehog … It’s a quite accurate description, I ‘d state.

    Identification guide


    Hericium erinaceus (likewise described as the Pom-Pom mushroom) typically has a roundish fruitbody with spinal columns all emerging from the same point and cascading down like a mop head. White or pale yellow-brown turning darker with age, the fruitbody is connected to the substrate by a really brief, broad stipe. These are annual fruitbodies but they can recur in the very same put on a tree for several years. The entire fruitbody can be as huge as to 30cm across, although 15 to 20cm is more typical.

    Spines of Hericium erinaceus have actually pointed ideas and range from 1 to 5cm long.


    Broadly ellipsoidal to subglobose, smooth or with a really slightly roughed up surface, 5-6 x 4-5.5 ┬Ám; amyloid.

    Spore print



    Odour not distinct; when prepared the taste is apparently tasty and, to some at least, rather like lobster prepared in butter.


    Saprobic, almost constantly on beech and oak trees, stumps and fallen logs in Britain, but in some cases on other woods. Bearded Tooth fungus is likewise reported to fruit occasionally on stacks of sawdust.


    July to November in Britain and Ireland. (1 ).

    How does it work?

    Hericium erinaceus may enhance the development and function of nerves. It might likewise safeguard nerves from becoming damaged. This might help avoid conditions such as Alzheimer’s illness or Parkinson’s disease. Hericium erinaceus likewise seems to assist protect the mucous membrane layer of the stomach. This might help enhance signs associated with long-term swelling of the stomach lining (chronic atrophic gastritis) or stomach ulcers. (2 ).

    Uses checked in practice:

    • Guideline of gastric and digestive issues, particularly in intestinal inflammation + Reishi, Shiitake, Coprinus
    • Avoidance of cancer disorders, specifically cancer of the stomach, intestines, esophagus and skin – according to the tumour type
    • Enhancing of the body immune system + any medicinal mushroom
    • Complementary therapy for neural illness + Reishi, Cordyceps
    • Relieving depressive moods + Cordyceps
    • Uneasyness and sleep disorders + Reishi

    Other intentions for making use of Hericium:

    Stomach problems, gastritis, relaxes mucous membranes, Helicobacter pylori, celiac illness + Reishi, neurasthenia, tension, affects the NGF factor in neurodegenerative illness (dementia, Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s illness, multiple sclerosis), improves operating of the nervous system, neuropathy, improves concentration, boosts bowel peristalsis (ideally a preparation from dried Hericium extract), multiresistant gold staphylococcus, tumour diseases (of the stomach, esophagus, big intestine, liver, uterine neck), stress, uneasyness.

    TCM characteristics:

    • Temperature– neutral
    • Taste– sweet, dull
    • Tropism– spleen, stomach, heart (according to other sources + liver, kidneys or all circuits)

    Effects according to standard Chinese medication:

    • Strengthens the stomach and manages its Qi
    • Renews the spleen and promotes food digestion
    • Calms the spirit Shen and reinforces brain activity
    • Impacts all organ systems (3 )

    The Health Advantages of Lion’s Mane

    Advocates claim that lion’s mane can assist with a variety of health problems, including:.

    • Alzheimer’s disease
    • Stress and anxiety
    • Depression
    • High cholesterol
    • Inflammation
    • Parkinson’s illness
    • Ulcers

    In addition, lion’s mane is said to enhance the immune system, promote digestion, and secure versus cancer.

    So far, research study on the specific health effects of lion’s hair is fairly limited. However, findings from animal-based research study, test-tube studies, and small medical trials indicate that lion’s mane may offer particular health benefits, consisting of support for neuronal health. Here’s a take a look at some key research study findings.

    Brain Function

    Lion’s mane might benefit older grownups with mild cognitive disability, according to a small research study released in Phytotherapy Research study in 2009. For the research study, scientists assigned 30 older adults with mild cognitive problems to take either lion’s hair extract or a placebo every day for 16 weeks. In cognitive tests provided at weeks 8, 12, and 16 of the study, members of the lion’s mane group showed substantially higher improvements compared to members of the placebo group.

    In a more current study (published in Biomedical Research in 2011), scientists took a look at the impacts of lion’s hair on brain function in mice. Results revealed that lion’s mane assisted safeguard against memory issues caused by the accumulation of amyloid beta (a compound that forms the brain plaques connected with Alzheimer’s illness). Studies have also shown a possible neuro-protective impact against ischemic stroke.

    The National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH) cautions that while some little preliminary studies on the impact of natural supplements on cognitive function have actually revealed modest impacts, “direct evidence is doing not have.” Claims made to the contrary are not supported by evidence.


    Lion’s mane may assist ease anxiety and anxiety, recommends a small research study released in Biomedical Research in 2010. For the research study, 30 menopausal women taken in cookies consisting of either lion’s mane or a placebo every day for 4 weeks. Examining study findings, researchers observed that members of the lion’s mane group were less irritable and distressed and had less trouble concentrating than members of the placebo group.


    Preliminary research study recommends that lion’s hair reveals pledge in defense versus cancer. For instance, in a 2011 research study published in Food & & Function, tests on human cells exposed that lion’s mane might help knock out leukemia cells.

    In addition, a 2011 study released in the Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry discovered that lion’s mane extract helped reduce the size of cancerous colon growths in mice.9 The study’s findings suggest that lion’s hair may help combat colon cancer, in part by increasing activity in certain cells involved in the immune action. Another study found that the extract may help reduce the spread of colon cancer cells to the lungs. However, it’s too soon to inform whether lion’s hair can assist avoid or reduce cancer in humans. (4 ).

    May Have Anti-Diabetic Characteristics

    Some research recommends that lion’s mane extracts might be useful for those who are attempting to handle diabetes. However again, studies in humans are doing not have.

    A study released in 2013 found that lion’s mane extract not just lowered glucose levels however also increased insulin levels in diabetic rats when they were administered the extract for 28 days. The rats also revealed increased high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and reduced total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and triglycerides.

    There is some minimal proof that lion’s mane extract may help in reducing discomfort symptoms connected with diabetic neuropathy. This study was carried out in rats, so more evidence is required, but scientists think that the reduction in pain sensitivity might be because of antioxidant activity in lion’s mane. (5 ).

    Anxiety relief

    Another 2018 study in mice found that lion’s hair mushroom promoted the production of brand-new brain cells in the hippocampus after just 4 weeks of once-a-day treatment, which may lag its anxiolytic (anti-anxiety) results.

    Enhanced cognitive function

    Lion’s mane is often sold as nootropics– a cognitive-enhancing supplement.

    One 2017 research study in mice discovered that daily supplements of lion’s mane mushroom prevented the decline of 2 functions frequently connected with Alzheimer’s: loss of spatial short-term memory and reduced recognition memory.

    During the experiment, these same mice began looking for brand-new stimuli, which engages new neural paths and hold-ups the start of cognitive disability.

    A 2020 study also reported that participants who supplemented 3 grams of lion’s hair 2 times a day (for a total of 6 grams) reported enhanced memory.


    Anti-oxidants assist your body eliminate “complimentary radicals,” or molecules that can harm cells.

    Research study has shown that lion’s hair is rich in several anti-oxidants, especially phenol, an antioxidant absorbed in the gut to lower swelling.

    In an older study in 2011, lion’s hair was placed in the “reasonably high” classification on their antioxidant index, along with Reishi and split gill mushrooms.

    A 2021 research study discovered that antioxidant activity remained stable in mushroom extracts for a minimum of a month, decreasing by half around the 4-month mark.

    Enhanced resistance

    With all the antioxidants, it’s not a surprise that lion’s hair might help support your immune system. But researchers have found another path to better resistance: the gut.

    A 2017 research study in mice discovered that the protein in lion’s hair mushrooms might enhance the body immune system by supporting the nest of healthy germs in the gut, much like prebiotics and probiotics. (6 ).

    Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma/Cancer Clients going through Paclitaxel treatment?

    Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma is characterized and driven by particular hereditary mutations like NFIB and MYB resulting in biochemical path modifications in Focal Adhesion, PI3K-AKT-MTOR Signaling, Notch Signaling and cholesterol Metabolic Process. A cancer treatment like Paclitaxel resolves a specific pathway system of action. The objective is to have an excellent overlap in between the treatment and cancer driving pathways for a tailored approach which is effective. In such a condition any food or nutritional supplement which has a contrary result to the treatment or reduces the overlap should be avoided. As an example, Lion’s Mane Mushroom must be avoided for Adenoid Cystic Cancer along with treatment Paclitaxel. Lion’s Hair Mushroom impacts pathways/processes like Focal Adhesion which either promote chauffeurs of the illness and/or nullify the treatment impact. A few of the elements which need to be considered when choosing nutrition are type of cancer, treatments and supplements being taken currently (if any), age, gender, BMI, lifestyle and any hereditary mutation information (if offered).

    Angiosarcoma Cancer Patients going through Vincristine Treatment?

    Angiosarcoma is identified and driven by specific genetic mutations like TP53 and MAP3K9 resulting in biochemical pathway changes in Epithelial to Mesenchymal Shift, Adherens junction, NFKB Signaling, PI3K-AKT-MTOR Signaling and MAPK Signaling. A cancer treatment like Vincristine works through specific pathway systems. The objective is to have a good overlap in between the treatment and cancer driving paths for a customized method. In such a condition any food or dietary supplement which has a suitable result to the treatment or decreases the overlap need to be considered. As an example, Lion’s Hair Mushroom should be thought about for Angiosarcoma along with treatment Vincristine. Lion’s Mane Mushroom impacts pathways/processes like Epithelial to Mesenchymal Transition and Adherens junction which either obstruct drivers of the disease (Angiosarcoma) and/or enhance the treatment effect.

    For Healthy Individuals with CDC73 Mutation Associated Genetic Threat?

    Various companies use panels of genes to be checked for evaluating hereditary threat to different cancers. These panels cover genes associated with cancers of the breast, ovary, uterus, prostate, and intestinal system and others. Hereditary screening of these genes might validate a medical diagnosis and assistance guide treatment and management decisions. Identification of a disease-causing variation might also assist screening and diagnosis of at-risk relatives. CDC73 is one of the genes usually offered in panels for cancer threat testing.

    CDC73 mutation triggers biochemical pathways WNT Beta-catenin Signaling, Stem Cell Signaling and Angiogenesis to get affected. These pathways are direct or indirect drivers of cancer molecular endpoints. Lion’s Hair Mushroom should be prevented when the hereditary panel recognizes anomaly of CDC73 for Neuroendocrine Cancer. Lion’s Mane Mushroom effects pathways like WNT Betacatenin Signaling and Stem Cell Signaling and produces unfavorable effects with CDC73 and related conditions.

    For Healthy People with TP53 Mutation Associated Genetic Threat?

    TP53 is among the genes readily available in panels for cancer risk testing. TP53 anomaly causes biochemical pathways P53 Signaling, MAPK Signaling, Stem Cell Signaling, Estrogen Signaling and Autophagy to get affected. These paths are direct or indirect chauffeurs of cancer molecular endpoints. Consider taking Lion’s Mane Mushroom supplements when the genetic panel recognizes mutation in TP53 for Breast Cancer and Lung Cancer. Lion’s Hair Mushroom impacts pathways like P53 Signaling and MAPK Signaling and develops an encouraging impact in those with TP53 mutation and related conditions.

    How to Choose, Shop, and Consume Lion’s Hair Mushrooms

    If you have actually often visited a farmers’ market just recently (or live near a bougie supermarket), you may have seen them. They appear like pale little tribbles– fluffy and soft and type of charming– however they are mushrooms, and they have a sinister side (they murder trees).

    Lion’s mane mushrooms get their ferocious name from their appearance, but they have a moderate, type of sweet taste that some have compared to crab or even marzipan. I can identify both almonds and a minor air of seafood at the front, but those subtle tastes quickly pave the way to mild, earthy mushroomy-ness. They’re good on their own, and they’re spongey little bodies take in whatever tasty fat you cook them in. They’re fun to look at, enjoyable to prep– you can rip ’em apart like soft bread– and enjoyable to consume. However, like all mushrooms, they require a little specific care.

    How to pick ’em

    Lion’s mane mushrooms are parasites that assault and eliminate living trees so that they might feast upon their dead bodies. Foraging for them is therefore an act of service. In addition to upright trees, the fluffy threats can be discovered on stumps, fallen branches, or dead, fallen trees (their favorite food). Keep an eye out if you reside in a location that has a great deal of birch, maple, or oak– especially if that birch, maple, or oak has tipped over.

    You can likewise find them at fancy supermarket for expensive individuals (or at farmer’s markets). They need to look fluffy, and either white or pale yellow (they will darken as they age), and must be dry and devoid of contusions (dirt is alright). They should not have much of an odor, so avoid specimens that smell like anything besides mushrooms.

    How to save ’em

    Lion’s mane mushrooms will last up to a week if effectively kept and cared for, and they truly aren’t that finicky. Simply keep them away from water– do not wash them up until you are ready to eat them, if at all– and keep them in your refrigerator away from the direct flow of cold air. (The crisper drawer will do just great.) If you purchased your fluff balls from a farm, they may come in an aerated bag of some kind, and you need to keep them in there, however a paper bag likewise works, supplied you don’t fill the bag more than midway (let those babies breath).

    When you’re ready to eat them, just brush off any dirt with a mushroom brush (or a pastry brush) and cut off the little woody “foot.” If you just need to wash them, wash them really rapidly under cold running water, and squeeze them gently to eliminate the excess. Tear them apart and let them dry on paper towels or a clean hand towel before cooking.

    How to eat ’em

    Lion’s mane mushrooms are extremely soft and naturally rather moist, with a fun, bouncy texture that’s nearly meaty. Large mushrooms can be sliced into planks prior to pan frying in butter, or you can tear them into bite-sized morsels, toss them with oil, and roast till they are golden brown. Basically, cook them like you would any other mushroom (with butter), and consume them like you would any other mushroom (joyfully). (7 ).

    Sources and dosing

    Lion’s mane mushroom is available as a supplement. In vitamin stores they are available in different varieties (e.g. Fermented Lion’s mane, powdered Lion’s mane mycelium, etc). Dosing is not completely understood. One research study used 1g 3 times per day of powdered Lion’s hair fruiting bodies (Mori et al, 2009). Another used 3.2 g of powdered Lion’s mane fruiting bodies each day (Saitsu et al, 2019). Preclinical studies used various extracts of Lion’s hair. (8 ).

    Side Effects

    When taken by mouth: Lion’s mane mushroom is potentially safe when utilized in a dose of 1 gram daily for 16 weeks. Side effects are moderate and may consist of stomach discomfort.

    When applied to the skin: There isn’t adequate reliable information to understand if lion’s mane mushroom is safe when applied to the skin or what the side effects might be. (9 ).

    In Conclusion

    The two essential things to remember are that cancer treatments and nutrition are never ever the very same for everyone. Nutrition, that includes food and nutritional supplements like Lion’s Hair Mushroom, is a reliable tool which can be controlled by you, while facing cancer.

    What food you eat and which supplements you take is a decision you make. Your choice should include consideration of the cancer gene anomalies, which cancer, ongoing treatments and supplements, any allergic reactions, lifestyle info, weight, height and habits.

    The nutrition preparation for cancer from addon is not based upon internet searches. It automates the decision producing you based on molecular science carried out by our scientists and software application engineers. Regardless of whether you care to understand the underlying biochemical molecular paths or not – for nutrition planning for cancer that understanding is required.

    Start NOW with your nutrition planning by answering questions on the name of cancer, hereditary mutations, continuous treatments and supplements, any allergies, routines, lifestyle, age and gender. (10 ).


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