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Any of a genus (Taraxacum) of yellow-flowered composite herbs with milky sap

Particularly: one (T. officinale) often grown as a potherb and almost cosmopolitan as a weed. [1]

Introduction

Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) is an herb native to Europe. The leaf, flower, and root have actually been utilized for numerous infections, however with little proof.

Dandelion is discovered throughout mild environments of the northern hemisphere. It includes chemicals that might reduce swelling, increase urine production, and avoid crystals from forming in the urine that might cause infections in the kidneys and urinary tract.

People use dandelion for conditions such as swollen tonsils, kidney infections, UTIs, and many others, but there is no good scientific proof to support these usages. [2]

History of Dandelions

Plant historians understand that dandelions have actually been an essential element of traditional Chinese medicine for at least a thousand years. The plants, believed to be belonging to the Mediterranean, were popular by ancient Greeks, Romans and Egyptians. Medicinally, dandelion roots and leaves were used as a tonic to remove toxic substances from the bloodstream, functioning as a mild diuretic to enhance the function of the gastrointestinal system. Ancient physicians didn’t know much about nutrition and vitamin shortages, but they understood that dandelions aided with a host of problems, including kidney, stomach and liver conditions, skin inflammations, heartburn, gall bladder issues, diabetes, arthritis, anemia, irregularity, toothaches, fevers, survey, and even warts and dandruff. The advantages aren’t surprising, and modern herbalists now comprehend that growing dandelions are abundant in Vitamins C, E and A, along with calcium, potassium, zinc and iron. The plants were likewise appreciated for their appeal. Dandelions were used to make dye– pale yellow from the warm yellow blooms and a purplish tint from the inner ribs of the leaves. Even today, many gardeners use the plants to make healthy tea and flavorful wine. Botanists state that some species of dandelion are native to North America. However, historians think that early European settlers introduced the two most familiar species: red-seeded dandelion (Taraxacum erythrospermum) and the typical dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) to the New World for their nutritional and medicinal advantages. Both types have naturalized and growing dandelions are now discovered across the country, particularly in disrupted soil such as croplands, building sites, along roadsides and, naturally– yards. [3]

Description

Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) is a typical meadow herb of the Asteraceae or sunflower family. There have to do with 100 types of dandelion, and all are advantageous. This sun-loving charm hails.

Greece, naturalized in temperate areas throughout the world, and familiar to almost everyone. The perennial dandelion grows freely any place it can discover a little bit of earth and a place in the sun. Dandelion’s nutritious and medicinal qualities have actually been understood for centuries.

Dandelion’s typical name is stemmed from the French dent de lion, a reference to the irregular and jagged margins of the lance-shaped leaves. There are numerous folk names for this widely-used herb. They include pissabed, Irish daisy, blow ball, lion’s tooth, bitterwort, wild endive, priest’s crown, doonheadclock, yellow gowan, puffball, clock flower, swine snort, fortune-teller, and cankerwort. The generic name is thought to be derived from the Greek words taraxos, suggesting disorder, and akos, meaning remedy. Another possible derivation is from the Persian tark hashgun, indicating wild endive, one of dandelion’s typical names. The specific classification officinale indicates that this herb was officially noted as a medical. Dandelion held a location in the United States National Formulary from 1888 till 1965, and the dried root of dandelion is noted in the United States Pharmacopoeia (USP).

Dandelion may be identified from other similar-looking herbs by the hollow, leafless flower stems which contain a bitter milky-white liquid also found in the root and leaves. The dark green dandelion leaves, with their irregular, deeply jagged margins, have an unique hairless mid-rib. The leaves are organized in a rosette pattern, and may grow to 1.5 ft (45.7 cm) in length. They have a.

lovely magenta tint that extends up along the inner rib of the stalk less leaf. When the plant is used as a color, it yields this purple color. Dandelion blooms are singular and round, with compact golden-yellow petals. They flower from early spring up until well into autumn atop hollow stalks that might reach from 4– 8 in (10.2 ndash; 20.3 cm) high. The golden blossoms yield a pale yellow color for wool. After blooming, dandelion develops a round cluster of achenes, or seed cases. As many as 200 of these narrow seed cases, each with a single seed, form the particular puffball. Each achene is topped with a white, feathery tuft to carry it on the breeze. Dandelion’s tap root might grow fat, and reach as deep as 1.5 ft (45.7 cm) in loose soil. The root has many hairy rootlets. Dandelion is a hardy herb and will regrow from root parts left in the ground during harvest. [4]

Ecology

Taraxacum officinale is belonging to Europe and Asia, and was initially imported to America as a food crop. It is now naturalized throughout North America, southern Africa, South America, New Zealand, Australia, and India. It happens in all 50 states of the United States and most Canadian provinces. It is thought about a noxious weed in some jurisdictions, and is thought about to be a problem in domestic and recreational yards in North America. It is also an important weed in farming and triggers considerable financial damage because of its infestation in numerous crops worldwide.

officinale can work as an indication plant for soil potassium and calcium, as the plant favors soils with reasonably low concentrations of calcium, however prefers soils with relatively high concentrations of potassium.

The dandelion is a common colonizer of disrupted environments, both from wind blown seeds and seed germination from the seed bank. The seeds stay practical in the seed bank for many years, with one research study revealing germination after 9 years. This species is a rather respected seed manufacturer, with 54 to 172 seeds produced per head, and a single plant can produce more than 5,000 seeds a year. It is.

approximated that more than 97,000,000 seeds/hectare could be produced annual by a dense stand of dandelions. When released, the seeds can be spread out by the end up to several hundred meters from their source. The seeds are also a common pollutant in crop and forage seeds. The plants are adaptable to many soils and the seeds are not based on cold temperature levels prior to they will germinate however they need to be within the leading 2.5 cm (1 in) of soil.

officinale is food for the caterpillars of numerous Lepidoptera (butterflies and moths), such as the tortrix moth Celypha rufana. See likewise List of Lepidoptera that feed on dandelions.

Even though dandelion pollen is of poor dietary quality for honey bees, they easily consume it, and it can be a crucial source of nutritional variety in greatly handled monocultures such as that of blueberries. honey bees have not been shown to decrease their pollination activity on nearby fruit crops when foraging on dandelions.

While not in bloom, this types is sometimes puzzled with others, such as Chondrilla juncea, that have similar basal rosettes of foliage. Another plant, in some cases referred to as fall dandelion, is very similar to dandelion, however produces “yellow fields” later. Its blossoms resemble a few of the species of Sonchus, however are larger. [5]

Health benefits of dandelion

Although it’s frequently dismissed as bit more than a persistent yard weed, dandelion has been used in many types of standard medication for centuries.

While Taraxacum officinale is the most common type, many other dandelion types exist.

Not just can the leaves, roots, and flower add a pop of color to your plate, however they’re also frequently discovered in organic teas and supplements, where they’re utilized as a natural remedy to support blood sugar management and boost skin, liver, and heart health.

Here are 13 potential health advantages of dandelion, together with some typical threats and side effects.

Highly nutritious

From root to flower, dandelions are highly healthy plants filled with vitamins, minerals, and fiber.

Dandelion greens can be eaten prepared or raw and are an excellent source of vitamins A, C, and K. They likewise contain vitamin E, folate, and small amounts of other B vitamins.

What’s more, dandelion greens provide a significant amount of numerous minerals, including iron, calcium, magnesium, and potassium.

The root of the dandelion is rich in the carbohydrate inulin, a kind of soluble fiber found in plants that supports the development and maintenance of healthy gut bacteria in your digestion system.

Dandelion root is often dried and made into tea, but you can also eat it entire as you do other root veggies.

Summary

The dietary material of dandelion reaches all parts of the plant. Dandelion is an abundant source of fiber and many vitamins and minerals.

Contains potent anti-oxidants

Dandelion is full of powerful antioxidants, which may explain much of its medical residential or commercial properties.

Antioxidants are substances that help neutralize complimentary radicals– particles that are an item of normal metabolism but add to persistent disease danger if levels get expensive in your body. For that reason, antioxidants are essential for keeping your body healthy.

Dandelions contain high levels of the anti-oxidant beta carotene, which may safeguard against cell damage and oxidative tension.

They’re also rich in another type of anti-oxidants called polyphenols, which are found primarily in the flower but occur in the roots, leaves, and stems as well.

Summary

Dandelions are a rich source of beta carotene and polyphenol compounds, both of which might reduce the effects of hazardous free radicals and protect against persistent illness.

Might assist combat inflammation

Dandelion might minimize inflammation, thanks to particular compounds such as polyphenols.

Inflammation is a normal body immune system reaction to injury or infection. Nevertheless, long-term swelling might lead to permanent damage to your body’s tissues and DNA.

Some test-tube studies note substantially decreased markers of inflammation in cells treated with substances extracted from dandelion.

One study in mice with inflammatory lung disease revealed a significant reduction of lung inflammation in those that received dandelion.

Still, human research study is required.

Summary

Limited animal and test-tube research recommends that dandelion has anti-inflammatory homes, though human studies are doing not have.

May aid in blood sugar management

Chicoric and chlorogenic acid are two bioactive compounds in dandelion that might help decrease blood glucose levels.

Test-tube and animal research studies show that these substances might improve the secretion of insulin– a hormonal agent that controls blood glucose levels– in addition to the absorption of glucose (sugar) in your muscles.

This procedure results in improved insulin sensitivity and reduced blood sugar level levels.

In some animal research studies, chicoric and chlorogenic acid likewise limited the food digestion of starchy, high carb foods, which may further add to dandelion’s ability to lower blood sugar levels.

Although these outcomes are motivating, more research is required in human beings.

Summary

Dandelion consists of bioactive compounds that have actually been shown to decrease blood sugar level in animal and test-tube research studies. Nevertheless, human research study is still required.

May decrease cholesterol and triglyceride levels

Some substances in dandelion may reduce triglyceride and cholesterol levels, both of which are essential threat factors for heart problem.

In one test-tube study, dandelion leaf and root extract reduced triglyceride accumulation in fat cells.

Similarly, a 4-week animal research study revealed that administering dandelion leaf extract to rats substantially reduced levels of total cholesterol and triglycerides.

What’s more, an older rabbit study showed that adding dandelion roots and leaves to a high cholesterol diet plan lowered cholesterol levels.

However, existing research study is restricted to test-tube and animal studies.

Summary

Some animal studies suggest that dandelion decreases cholesterol and triglyceride levels, but research in people is needed.

May lower blood pressure

Although some individuals declare that dandelion may decrease blood pressure, studies are restricted.

Standard natural medicine uses dandelion for its diuretic result based upon the belief that it can cleanse particular organs.

In Western medicine, diuretic medications are utilized to rid the body of excess fluid, which might assist decrease high blood pressure levels.

One older human research study discovered dandelion to be an efficient diuretic. Nevertheless, this study was short and included just 17 individuals.

Dandelion likewise includes potassium, a mineral related to reduced high blood pressure in those with previously elevated levels. Thus, this plant may have an indirect effect on high blood pressure due to its potassium material.

Especially, this result isn’t distinct to dandelion– it applies to any potassium-rich food consumed as part of a healthy diet plan.

Summary

Dandelion might lower high blood pressure as a result of its diuretic impact and potassium material. However, really little research is offered.

May promote liver health

Some animal studies suggest that dandelion extract might protect against liver damage and disease.

In fact, one animal study discovered that it helped prevent liver damage in mice exposed to salt dichromate, a substance utilized to cause liver injury.

Other animal studies have actually shown that dandelion extract might lower levels of excess fat stored in the liver and safeguard versus oxidative stress.

However, human research is required.

Summary

Animal studies indicate that dandelion may safeguard against liver damage, but more research study is needed in human beings.

May aid weight-loss

Some research study indicates that dandelions and their substances might support weight control, though the information isn’t conclusive.

Some scientists suggest that dandelion’s ability to improve carbohydrate metabolic process and reduce fat absorption may cause weight loss. Nevertheless, this theory has yet to be clinically proven.

One research study in mice likewise suggests that dandelion extract might help weight management by reducing fat absorption.

Another research study in mice found that chlorogenic acid, a compound discovered in dandelion, minimized body weight, decreased fat build-up, and modified levels of certain proteins involved in weight control.

Still, more high quality research study in humans is necessary.

Summary

Some animal studies note that dandelion compounds may support weight control, however no human research studies have actually assessed this effect.

May have anticancer effects

Maybe one of the most interesting health claims about dandelion extract is its potential to prevent the development of malignant cells in different organ systems.

A 4-week study in rats showed that administering dandelion root extract modified particular pathways involved in reducing the growth and spread of breast cancer cells.

Other test-tube research studies have actually found that dandelion root extract might slow the growth of cancer cells in liver, colon, and stomach tissue.

These findings are encouraging, but human research is lacking.

Summary

Numerous test-tube studies have figured out that dandelion extract might slow the development of particular kinds of cancer. Nevertheless, research is required in human beings.

Might support healthy food digestion and treat constipation

Dandelion is frequently utilized in standard medication to treat irregularity and enhance gastrointestinal health.

One older animal research study discovered a substantial boost in the rates of stomach contractions and stomach emptying in rats treated with dandelion extract.

Dandelion root is likewise a rich source of the prebiotic fiber inulin, which has been revealed to lower constipation and promote the movement of food through the digestive system.

What’s more, with more than 3 grams of fiber per prepared cup (105 grams), dandelion greens might bump up your fiber consumption. Fiber supports bowel consistency and safeguards against a range of digestive conditions, including hemorrhoids and diverticulitis.

Summary

Dandelion is abundant in fiber and prebiotic compounds such as inulin– both of which may support bowel consistency, among other digestive benefits.

May boost immune health

Some research suggests that dandelion may have antimicrobial and antiviral homes, which may support your body’s ability to fight infection.

Numerous test-tube research studies have actually discovered that dandelion extract substantially reduces viruses’ ability to duplicate.

Research also shows that some active compounds in dandelion secure against different damaging bacteria.

Eventually, more research is needed in human beings.

Summary

Although research in human beings is lacking, some test-tube research studies recommend that dandelion has antiviral and antibacterial residential or commercial properties.

Might be a helpful skin care treatment

Animal and test-tube research study keeps in mind that dandelion extract might secure versus skin damage caused by sunlight, aging, and acne.

In one research study, dandelion leaf and flower extracts avoided skin damage when applied right before or immediately after direct exposure to UVB radiation, which is the radiation you receive from sunshine. Surprisingly, dandelion root did not have the exact same result.

An older test-tube research study showed that dandelion root extract increased the generation of brand-new skin cells, which might support your skin’s appearance as you age.

Additionally, older research shows that dandelion extract might reduce skin inflammation and irritation while increasing hydration and collagen production. This may work in avoiding and dealing with certain types of acne.

Nevertheless, current research on the results of dandelion on skin health is lacking, and studies are limited to evaluate tubes and animals.

Summary

Animal and test-tube research studies recommend that dandelion might protect versus skin damage brought on by sun damage, aging, and acne. Further research in human beings is needed.

May assistance healthy bones

Really little research has actually been performed on dandelion’s result on bone health, though a few of its individual nutrients add to the upkeep of strong, healthy bones.

Dandelion greens are an excellent source of calcium and vitamin K, both of which play a key function in bone health.

One little study connected an increased intake of vitamin K-rich leafy green vegetables to lower blood levels of osteocalcin, a protein found in your bones. This suggests that eating more leafy greens such as dandelion greens may help prevent bone loss.

Inulin, a fiber found in dandelion root, might also support healthy bones by enhancing digestion and gut health.

Furthermore, some research study suggests that the antioxidants in dandelion and other greens play a key function in bone health and protect versus bone loss by reducing oxidative tension.

Summary

Research study on dandelion’s impacts on bone health is lacking, though some components of the plant are understood to support the upkeep of strong bones. [6]

What is dandelion tea?

You can make dandelion tea from the leaves, flowers, or roots of the plants, with the latter being the most common technique. Herbal tea made with the flowers tends to be more fragile and sweet than those made with the roots or leaves. Dandelion leaves are usually gathered in the spring while the roots and flowers for tea are eliminated in the fall. Dandelion tea can likewise be discovered in tea bags at your regional tea shop.

The dandelion plant is understood by the botanical name Taraxacum officinale. This plant is often used to make dandelion tea and dandelion wine in addition to dandelion jelly and jams. These plants obtain their name from the French phrase “dent-de-lion,” which translates to lion’s tooth.

Taste

Dandelion tea is normally delicate and lightly sweet in flavor. Roasted dandelion teas like dandelion coffee tend to have a stronger, cozy flavor and a deeper aroma. The dandelion plant is not subduing so it can be combined with vibrant tastes such as masala chai and black tea leaves. It is frequently sweeten or flavored utilizing citrus fruits and other garden greens. [7]

How to make dandelion tea?

Recipe for dandelion tea

Given that Dandelion is stated to be used for battling cancer cells, Dandelion Root Tea must be your choice for the cause and to support health. Here’s how you can make a scrumptious cup of this goodness.

  1. Put 8 oz of water into the pan. That would be 1 cup.
  2. Boil it at 140 degrees Fahrenheit.
  3. Include 2 tablespoon of dried Dandelion Root.
  4. Let it steep for at least 3 minutes
  5. Shut off the burner and let the mixture steep for 30 minutes.
  6. Restrain the mix in a cup.
  7. Add honey based on your taste. You can use 1 1/2 tablespoon.

Take pleasure in!!

How to make dandelion flower tea?

  1. Select 10 Dandelion heads (flower) and dispose of the leaves attached to it. If you are using jam-packed Dandelion flower, include 2 tablespoons.
  2. Keep this active ingredient in a pitcher.
  3. Let boil 1 cup of water in a saucepan.
  4. When the water is hot enough, pour it in the pitcher.
  5. Let it high for 20 minutes.
  6. Restrain the mixture.
  7. Include 2 tablespoon of honey and stir well.

Voila! Here is your Dandelion Flower tea. You can consume it as an iced tea too. Just let it cool in the refrigerator or add ice cubes. [8]

Dandelion adverse effects

Get emergency situation medical help if you have indications of an allergic reaction: hives; trouble breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Although not all negative effects are understood, dandelion is believed to be possibly safe for many people.

This is not a total list of adverse effects and others may take place. Call your physician for medical recommendations about adverse effects. [9]

How should I take dandelion?

When thinking about using herbal supplements, look for the suggestions of your doctor. You might also consider seeking advice from a practitioner who is trained in making use of herbal/health supplements.

If you choose to utilize dandelion, utilize it as directed on the bundle or as directed by your doctor, pharmacist, or other healthcare provider. Do not utilize more of this item than is advised on the label.

Call your doctor if the condition you are treating with dandelion does not enhance, or if it becomes worse while utilizing this item.

Store at space temperature away from wetness and heat. [10]

Possible interactions

Dandelion leaf might act as a diuretic, which can make drugs leave your body quicker. It also interacts with a number of medications that are broken down by the liver. If you are taking prescription medications, ask your doctor before taking dandelion leaf. Medications that might connect with dandelion consist of:.

  • Antacids: Dandelion might increase the amount of stomach acid, so antacids may not work as well.
  • Blood-thinning medications (anticoagulants and antiplatelets): It is possible that dandelion might increase the danger of bleeding, particularly if you already take blood thinners such as aspirin, warfarin (Coumadin), or clopidogrel (Plavix).
  • Diuretics (water pills): Dandelion may serve as a diuretic, triggering your body to produce more urine to eliminate excess fluid. If you likewise take prescription diuretics, or other herbs that function as diuretics, you could be at risk of electrolyte imbalances.
  • Lithium: Lithium is utilized to deal with bipolar affective disorder. Animal research studies recommend that dandelion may worsen the side effects of lithium.
  • Ciproflaxin (Cipro): One species of dandelion, Taraxacum mongolicum, likewise called Chinese dandelion, may decrease the amount of the antibiotic ciproflaxin that your body soaks up. Scientists do not know whether the common dandelion would do the very same thing.
  • Medications for diabetes: Theoretically, dandelion might decrease blood sugar level levels. If you take medications for diabetes, taking dandelion might increase the risk of low blood sugar.
  • Medications broken down by the liver: Dandelion can engage with a number of medications. To be safe, ask your doctor prior to taking dandelion if you take any medication. [11]

Preventative measures

Avoid taking dandelion if you dislike any of the following plants:.

  • Ragweed
  • Chrysanthemums
  • Marigold
  • Chamomile
  • Feverfew
  • Yarrow
  • Plants in the Asteraceae family (such as sunflowers and daisies)

People who are allergic to dandelion might experience rash, watery eyes, and other allergy signs. Dandelion likewise consists of iodine and latex, so prevent it if you have allergies to either of these items.

People who are pregnant or breast feeding and children ought to not take dandelion remedies due to the absence of research into their long-lasting security. Dandelion is thought to be a galactagogue (a compound that might increase milk production); however, no substantial research supports its usage and should be gone over with your lactation consultant or health care service provider. [12]

Conclusion

Ultraviolet (UV) irradiation triggers damage in skin by producing excessive reactive oxygen species (ROS) and induction of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), leading to skin picture aging. Dandelion extracts have long been utilized for traditional Chinese medicine and native American medicine to treat cancers, hepatitis, and digestive diseases; however, less is known on the results of dandelion extracts in skin picture ageing. Here we found that dandelion leaf and flower extracts substantially protect UVB irradiation-inhibited cell viability when included before UVB irradiation or promptly after irradiation. Dandelion leaf and flower extracts inhibited UVB irradiation-stimulated MMP activity and ROS generation. Dandelion root extracts showed less action on protecting HDFs from UVB irradiation-induced MMP activity, ROS generation, and cell death. In addition, dandelion leaf and flower however not root extracts stimulated glutathione generation and glutathione reductase mRNA expression in the presence or absence of UVB irradiation. We also found that dandelion leaf and flower extracts assist absorb UVB irradiation. In addition, dandelion extracts significantly secured HDFs from H2O2-induced cellular senescence. In conclusion, dandelion extracts especially leaf and flower extracts are powerful protective agents versus UVB damage and H2O2-induced cellular senescence in HDFs by suppressing ROS generation and MMP activities and helping UVB absorption. [13]

Recommendations

  1. Https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/dandelion
  2. Https://www.webmd.com/vitamins/ai/ingredientmono-706/dandelion
  3. Https://blog.gardeningknowhow.com/tbt/dandelion-plant-history-facts/
  4. Https://www.encyclopedia.com/plants-and-animals/plants/plants/dandelion
  5. Https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/taraxacum_officinale#ecology
  6. Https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/dandelion-benefits#toc_title_hdr_14
  7. Https://senchateabar.com/blogs/blog/how-to-make-dandelion-tea
  8. Https://teaswan.com/blogs/news/how-to-make-dandelion-tea
  9. Https://www.drugs.com/mtm/dandelion.html#side-effects
  10. Https://www.emedicinehealth.com/drug-dandelion/article_em.htm#howtake
  11. Https://www.mountsinai.org/health-library/herb/dandelion
  12. Https://www.verywellhealth.com/the-benefits-of-dandelion-root-89103#toc-precautions
  13. Https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/26576225/