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Camu Camu

    Camu Camu is a fruit from the amazon, thought about a ‘superfood’ because it consists of large quantities of vitamin c. [1]

    Summary

    Camu camu is a shrub that grows in swampy or flooded locations of the amazon tropical rain forest of peru, brazil, venezuela, and colombia. The fruit and leaves are used as a medicine.

    Camu camu is utilized for viral infections consisting of the cold, eye conditions consisting of cataracts, hardening of the arteries (atherosclerosis), fatigue syndrome, and many other conditions, but there is no good scientific proof to support these uses.

    Some people utilize camu to increase energy and preserve healthy gums, eyes, body immune system, and skin. Individuals eat the fruit of camu as food. [2]

    History

    Camu-camu fruits are small, about the size of a cherry or big grape. They are green when unripe, turning a reddish purple and eventually red when fully grown. The camu-camu tree, which could be described as a big bush, grows from about 6-25ft in height and is found on flood plain or swamps, especially by oxbow lakes. Originally wild camu-camu trees were most plentiful near the drainage areas of the xingu river (an amazon tributary in northern brazil) and the napo river in ecuador. The peruvian amazon now has the biggest variety of species due to proliferation. This fruit is known as cacari or camu in brazil and peru, guayabo in colombia and guayabato in venezuela.

    Camu-camu berries have been utilized and valued by amazonian indians for centuries. Aside from an easily portable healthy food source, the berries, which are abundant in phytochemicals, were used to deal with infections, as a pain reliever, and to promote long life. Typically, a plaster was made from the camu tree bark and put on injuries to prevent infection. Tree bark was likewise utilized in a preparation to treat rheumatism.

    The value of camu-camu as a source of natural vitamin c for south american urban populations and for export wasn’t recognized until the early 1990’s, at which time the fruit became a practical industrial agroforestry crop. One of the very first nurseries was opened near km 100 of the manaus-itacoatiara highway in brazil. Later on a 500 hectare plantation was developed near sao paulo, which used drip irrigation. In 1996 the peruvian federal government released an environmentally friendly project when, as part of reforestation programs, it started planting seedlings. The objective was that an effective export market would help raise incomes of local individuals and reduce hardship. Gathering camu-camu, which takes place between november and march, in the wild is a sluggish and tough process due to the fact that the terrain is flooded and frequently a good percent of the fruit trees are underwater. Farmers utilize canoes to gain access to and harvest the fruit trees in the swamps.

    Over the last few years it was believed that camu would have a big influence on export markets particularly to europe, the usa and japan. Nevertheless the concept has actually been slow to come to fulfillment, partly since many rural farmers could not acquire loans to expand into the profitable camu-camu crop market. Another aspect is that the locations where camu-camu is gathered are remote, and far from the necessary centers needed to process the fruit.

    Because it began, the growing of camu-camu has actually raised a variety of environmental concerns, the most important of which is the deforestation of the amazon flood plains. Also the displacement of plant species in locations where camu-camu did not formerly exist and the spread of illness and pests. As a non-timber forest crop camu-camu is seen as a favorable option and up until now, at least, the harvesting of wild camu-camu not appear to have had a destructive effect on the environment. This tropical fruit is likewise a vital source of food for fish in flooded locations of the forest. [3]

    Description

    Camu-camu is a low-growing shrub discovered throughout the amazon rain forest, generally in swampy or flooded locations. It grows to a height of about 2-3 m and has big, feathery leaves. It produces round, light orange-colored fruits about the size of lemons, which contain a significant quantity of vitamin c. Its high vitamin c content has created a demand for camu-camu fruit in the natural items market. Some groups are now beginning to study growing techniques for this crucial new rainforest resource, which is still gathered wild throughout the amazon region. Ethnobotanist mark plotkin notes in his book, tales of a shaman’s apprentice, that “a forest stand of camu-camu is worth two times the amount to be gained from cutting down the forest and changing it with cattle,” and he thinks that camu-camu growing holds real economic guarantee for local economies. Usually, camu-camu fruit is wild-harvested in the rain forest in canoes since the fruits grow at high water or flooding seasons in the amazon. [4]

    Harvest

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    Long used by native individuals, wild camu-camu fruit is harvested straight into canoes. The fruit has just recently entered into massive cultivation and sale to the world market, with japan being the significant purchaser. The tree is relatively easy to cultivate within specific growing conditions. It endures finest in hot, damp, tropical climates, but will grow in the subtropics, enduring temperature levels down to simply above freezing. It requires copious water. Fair trade exists in low-land production from the association of camu producers of the peruvian amazon.

    The tree takes place in locally dense populations or perhaps monospecific stands in amazonian flood plains and riparian greenery. The plant is very tolerant of flooding, enduring four to 5 months with the roots and even much of the aerial parts submerged in water. the types propagates through seeds. In cultivation, the tree begins flourishing after achieving 2 cm (0.79 in) in stem girth (three years after introduction of the seedling). Plants flower at the end of the dry season and produce fruit at the peak of the rainy season. Observations with both wild and cultivated plants suggest that the trees can remain efficient for numerous decades.

    Wild trees have actually been discovered to yield 12 kg (26 lb) of fruit on average. At recommended planting densities of 600– 1100 trees per 1 ha (2.5 acres), about 12 t (12 long lots; 13 short tons) fruit may be derived in cultivation from one hectare. [5]

    Nutritional info

    Camu camu is a nutritionally dense fruit, which is why it is so popular. It contains large amounts of vitamin c, many minerals, anti-oxidants, and polyphenols.

    Vitamin c

    Camu camu is rich in vitamin c. In fact, it is among the most significant sources of this vitamin among plants, containing about 877– 3,133 milligrams (mg) per 100 grams (g) of fruit pulp.

    Minerals

    Camu camu is an outstanding source of a range of minerals. The minerals discovered in camu consist of:.

    Anti-oxidants

    Anti-oxidants are substances that assist fight off complimentary radicals in the body. Free radicals are substances understood to cause cellular damage and increase the threat of diseases like cancer, heart disease, and diabetes.

    While the body has a natural defense reaction to fight free radicals, antioxidants found in food can assist decrease their numbers even further.

    Powerful antioxidants found in camu are ascorbic acid (vitamin c) and two anthocyanin compounds: cyanidin-3-glucoside and delphinidin-3-glucoside. According to research study, the ascorbic acid and antioxidant levels in camu are the highest among brazilian fruits.

    It is hard to figure out the exact amount of these substances discovered in camu because the levels change based on aspects including where it was grown and soil composition. Regardless, camu seems an excellent source of antioxidants.

    Polyphenols

    Polyphenols are a group of chemicals discovered in plants that are understood to have many health advantages. Studiestrusted source have revealed that polyphenols have antioxidant abilities and can help decrease inflammation, consequently decreasing the risk of different inflammatory diseases like diabetes, heart problem, and cancer.

    Camu camu likewise includes numerous polyphenols, such as flavonoids, phenolic acids, tannins, stilbenes, and lignans.

    The amount found in camu depends on how mature the fruit is when plucked from the plant and which extraction methods are used. However, specialists think that the phenolic content of camu is higher than that of other tropical fruits, with the majority of it focused in the seeds and peel. [6]

    How is it utilized?

    • The juice of the fruit is commonly taken as a fermented beverage, as well as a dietary supplement.
    • Capsules are also available in health food stores. [7]

    How it works?

    Camu camu includes essential phenolic compounds, primarily carotenoids, flavonoids and anthocyanins, which considerably contribute to its antioxidant, immune stimulant impacts. Its remarkable quantity of vitamin c (ascorbic acid) boosts the immune system by increasing the absorption of iron and scavenging free radicals. Together, all these phytonutrients seem to be responsible for the majority of camu residential or commercial properties. [8]

    Health advantages of camu camu

    Let’s take a closer take a look at the health advantages of this fruit.

    Vitamin c content

    There’s no way to talk about camu without first discussing the enormous quantity of vitamin c found in this exceptional little drupe. It has among the greatest concentrations of vitamin c of any food source, and since vitamin c is not just important for human health but likewise difficult to naturally create in our body, having an abundant source like camu is a huge benefit. Likewise, the synthetic vitamin c that has recently been injected into foods to increase their strength is not nearly as helpful as naturally taking place vitamin c. Ascorbic acid promotes white blood cell production, which significantly boosts the body immune system, and is also a key part in collagen production, which helps to fix and establish cells, tissues, and organs. Just as a contrast, camu has 200 times more vitamin c than a banana in terms of vitamin c per ounce.

    Liver health

    Camu camu is known to improve liver health. Research study at the joined graduate school of agricultural science, japan states that the presence of a compound called 1-methylmalate in it aids in treating a liver injury.

    Weight loss

    According to a recent research study carried out on the effects of camu in a weight loss diet plan, the fruit has really showed many useful properties. It has the capability to help you preserve healthy gut bacteria, which plays a key function in metabolism. Moreover, adding camocamo to your diet plan will not only assist you in shedding additional kilos however also help in lowering your risk of chronic illness that are linked to obesity.

    Enhances cognitive ability

    The various antioxidant results of camu camu, some of which are originated from the big quantity of vitamin c, likewise assist to get rid of plaque build-up in the cognitive paths, frequently brought on by complimentary radicals and oxidative tension. It has actually been linked to preventing particular cognitive disorders. It can also improve cognitive ability in more youthful people, increasing focus, memory, and concentration abilities.

    Anti-inflammatory property

    vitamin c is a natural anti-inflammatory substance, however the other nutrients and amino acids found in camu camu, such as anthocyanins, catechins, and flavonols, are also potent anti-inflammatory agents. For people who experience arthritis and gout, to piles and headaches, it can use pain relief and relieve swelling.

    Decreases mood swings

    Research has actually suggested that camu can have a relaxing result on the body, acting practically like a sedative, which can certainly help to stabilize mood swings and relieve psychological stress and anxiety. Although the exact pathway isn’t completely clear, the high levels of Magnesium and other vitamins that decrease inflammation and calm the body are most likely the cause behind this important health advantage, particularly for people suffering from depression or menopausal mood swings.

    Antiviral and anti-bacterial properties

    The natural antiseptic qualities of camu make it perfect for warding off bacterial and viral infections, including e. Coli and various sexually transmitted diseases, such as herpes. This makes it an effective dietary supplement for everyone, as our body immune systems are constantly assaulted by these foreign agents.

    Prevents infertility

    Camu camu has been revealed to prevent infertility by particularly securing the health of sexual organs and guaranteeing the correct functioning of those systems.

    Tones muscle

    The diverse blend of nutrients, vitamins, minerals, amino acids, and organic compounds found within camu make it among the total natural food out there, however this combination also facilitates the growth and protection of muscles. If you are seeking to improve your metabolism and increase your muscle tone, consuming it can be an ideal exercise enhance.

    Improves vision

    Carotenoids are mostly praised for their ability to protect eye health as an antioxidant, although they do have other crucial functions in the body. By removing oxidative tension in the ocular system, camu camu’s carotenoids can prevent the beginning of macular degeneration and the development of cataracts, permitting you to see plainly well into your aging.

    Help in food digestion

    The dietary fiber content of camu isn’t as remarkable as its vitamin c material, however it is still considerable and can assist to increase your overall health by enhancing your gastrointestinal procedures and even securing your heart from the dangers of unbalanced cholesterol levels. Fiber likewise manages the activity of insulin receptors in the body, consequently assisting to manage conditions like diabetes. [9]

    Further more

    Camu camu powder is fantastic for colds and general health

    Of course, many concur that vitamin c is great for resistance, and since camu has a lots of vitamin c, plus naturally taking place co-factors and phytonutrients, it makes good sense that it might assist with colds.

    Camu camu is likewise said to assist with shingles, asthma, atherosclerosis, fatigue syndrome, anxiety, gum disease, headaches, osteoarthritis, and herpes. Nevertheless, studies haven’t shown this one way or the other. [10]

    Benefits of camu for skin

    Here is how camu berry advantages your skin in different methods.

    Brightens your skin

    Loaded with vitamin c, it’s not a surprise that the camu berries function as an incredible brightening representative. This little gem not just helps battle coloring, however it likewise helps exfoliate dead skin cells, hence providing your skin a healthy glow!

    Minimizes pigmentation

    Not just does camu include vitamin c, but it also consists of an aspect called niacin. A combination of these 2 components has a remarkable impact on cells that produce melanin in your skin. Together they help in reducing any sunspots or staining on your skin.

    Lowers noticeable indications of aging

    Camu camu assists significantly in decreasing noticeable indications of ageing such as wrinkles and fine lines. Filled with vitamin c, camu promotes the production of collagen– a protein that makes your skin appearance plump. Moreover, this excellent skin care active ingredient also helps improve the flexibility of your skin, making it appear vibrant.

    Protects your skin from sun damage

    The ultra violet rays of the sun can have a really damaging impact on your skin. Constant exposure to uv rays can lead to photoaging, i.e., early aging of the skin. However, with some excellent spf residential or commercial properties, vitamin c and flavonoids, camu heavily secures your skin from sun damage. [11]

    How to use camu powder for skin?

    • Mix one spoon filled with camu powder with plain yogurt for finest lead to a bowl.
    • Mix it well with a spoon to form a thin paste.
    • Apply it all over the face and keep it for 15 minutes.
    • Wash it off with water and feel more glowing and radiant.
    • You may replace yogurt with increased water, for another refreshing face pack. Apart from the do it yourself face loads, ready-made camu face packs are likewise offered in the market. [12]

    Is camu good for your hair?

    You can try consuming camu orally for hair care but you’re probably better off applying camu oil directly to your hair and scalp. The vitamin c and anti-oxidants may support healthy collagen levels on your scalp. Research studies show that collagen can reduce age-related loss of hair and thinning.

    Some believe that camu can improve your hair’s shine and color. Because it’s safe to utilize topically, there’s no reason to prevent giving camu a shot for hair care. [13]

    10 methods to utilize camu-camu powder

    Sneak it into smoothies

    The perhaps most typical way to use camu powder is to slip it into healthy smoothies. If you require dishes, check out healwithfood.org’s quinoa, banana and guava healthy smoothie which gets an extra nutrient kick from camu powder, or this raspberry and camu smoothie. For even more recipes, you may want to get julie morris’ superfood smoothies, a cookbook featuring lots of shake dishes showcasing exotic superfoods, consisting of a variety of camu dishes.

    Utilize it in baked goods

    Did you know that you can also use camu powder in baking? In addition to improving the nutrient profile of baked items, this andean superfood might likewise help enhance the texture of your breads and breakfast buns. Including a percentage of vitamin c powder to bread blends has been shown to increase the effectiveness of the yeast, helping to raise loaves, and who can consider a better natural source of vitamin c than natural, freeze-dried camu powder?

    Include it to homemade pasta dough

    If you have one of the new fully automatic electrical pasta makers, and even simply an old-fashioned pasta device with a crank handle, keep in mind: camu powder can also be used to increase the dietary profile of homemade pasta dough! And even if you do not make your pasta from scratch, you can still include this superfood powder into your pasta dishes by including it into the sauce (see pointer # 4 listed below).

    Consume it in sauces

    One of the simplest methods to utilize camu powder is to add it to sauces. Camu camu powder liquifies much better in sauces than in thin liquids (such as juices or water), and the spices, herbs and other strong-flavored ingredients typically used in sauces help make certain that the acidic taste of camu does not subdue the dish. The best method to use camu powder in sauces is to stir it into the concoction towards the end of the cooking process; in this manner, you will not damage excessive of the vitamin c in camu camu.

    Tenderize a steak with a camu marinade

    You can also try integrating a percentage of camu powder (or juice, if you can get it) into your favorite meat marinade dish. An acidic component in a meat marinade– whether it’s vinegar, lemon juice, or camu camu– assists tenderize the meat, resulting in a softer and juicier steak.

    Slip camu powder into salad dressings

    Yet another excellent method to slip some camu into your diet is to include a dash of dried and ground camu to salad dressings. If you don’t currently have an excellent standard dish for an oil and vinegar-based salad dressing, try this: put 6 tablespoons extra-virgin olive oil and 2 tablespoons vinegar into an empty mason container. Add 2 tablespoons chopped fresh herbs (or a pinch of dried herbs), 1 teaspoon dijon mustard, a pinch of salt and black pepper, and– if utilizing– 1/4 teaspoon camu powder. Screw on the cover, shake well, and let the flavors mix in the fridge for a minimum of thirty minutes prior to utilizing the dressing.

    Usage camu in breakfast dishes

    Not only is camu fantastic in frozen yogurt, it likewise makes a wonderful addition to routine yogurt eaten at breakfast. Yogurt aside, you can likewise include camu powder to numerous other popular breakfast meals, such as oatmeal and granola. The best way to begin a day of rest right!

    Make healthy vegan “ice cream”

    In peru, camu fruit is in some cases used as a component in flavored ice cream. However, typical ice cream made with refined sugar and heavy cream isn’t precisely the healthiest dessert out there, which is why we will not be including a recipe for peruvian camu ice cream here. Rather, we’ll be consisting of a super-healthy recipe for vegan ice cream that you can spice up with a bit of camu powder, or basically any other superfruit powder. And the best thing is, this dish is extremely simple: all you need to do is put a sliced banana in the freezer for a minimum of 3 hours, then whiz it up in a mixer together with a pinch of camu powder up until it gets velvety. For additional taste and color, you can likewise include some frozen strawberries or raspberries to the mixer before striking the blend button.

    Camu camu can be used in other frozen desserts, too

    If the above recipe for vegan banana ice cream with camu didn’t win you over, do not dismiss the idea of a frozen camu dessert right now. In the guide and cookbook peruvian power foods, for example, registered dietitian manual villacorta shows that you can also utilize camu powder to provide popsicles and frozen yogurt an increase.

    Make energy bars that feature camu camu

    Homemade energy bars are the ideal on-the-go snack. Normally made using components like honey, raisins, nuts, seeds and grains, homemade power bars are typically abundant in vitamin e, protein and minerals. And, if you include a teaspoon of camu powder into your preferred energy bar dish, your power bars will also be packed with vitamin c. [14]

    Risks and side effects

    Is camu safe? While it’s a natural berry and does not generally trigger excessive negative effects, it has not been studied extensively, so it’s possible that it may trigger adverse effects in some individuals.

    Because it contains an extremely high quantity of vitamin c, when taken in big dosages it can potentially result in adverse effects such as: digestive issues like indigestion, queasiness, diarrhea and vomiting, along with certain kidney concerns. It may especially negatively impact the digestive system in individuals who are vulnerable to ulcers.

    It’s possible that in tablet or supplement form it might also interfere with some chemotherapy medications. Always consult your physician prior to taking it if you are getting treatment for any medical issues like cancer or if any other continuous health concerns.

    Is camu safe for pregnancy? It’s finest to consume it in percentages, due to its high vitamin c content, which in excess amounts (more than 1-3 teaspoons daily of powder) might have harmful effects during pregnancy. [15]

    Dosing

    The suitable dosage of camu depends upon several factors such as the user’s age, health, and several other conditions. At this time there is not enough clinical info to figure out an appropriate variety of dosages for camu camu. Bear in mind that natural products are not constantly necessarily safe and dosages can be essential. Make certain to follow appropriate directions on item labels and consult your pharmacist or physician or other healthcare expert prior to using. [16]

    Interactions

    Camu camu might potentially communicate with couple of chemotherapy drugs that count on free radicals. The vitamin c in camu may combat the complimentary radicals and interrupt treatment. However, comprehensive clinical research study is not carried out to clearly develop this interaction. [17]

    Tips and safety measures

    The advantages of camu have actually not been studied much, for that reason, its adverse effects are not well tape-recorded, it is a natural berry, so it is normally safe. Nevertheless, taking in excessive vitamin c can trigger diarrhea, stomach upset, nausea, and throwing up. If you are prone to stomach ulcers, then prevent consuming camu in any type.

    Wherever high vitamin c interferes with medication, camu will, too. For that reason, if you are taking chemotherapy drugs, consult your physician, who may recommend that you stop using throughout the course of chemotherapy. [18]

    Conclusion

    Camu camu is a typical amazon native fruit shrub that has a diploid genome, moderate hereditary variety, and population structure. The fruits collect numerous necessary nutrients and synthesize l-ascorbic acid (vitamin c) in great quantities and a variety of diverse secondary metabolites with proven in vitro and in vivo health-promoting activities. These helpful impacts include antioxidative and antiinflammatory activities, antiobesity, hypolipidemic, antihypertensive and antidiabetic results, dna damage and cancer defense impacts, and other bioactivities. Numerous health-promoting phytochemicals are biosynthesized in a number of metabolic pathways of camu camu. Their restoration from the fruit transcriptome database was achieved by our research group. These consist of standard metabolic paths such as glycolysis and pentose phosphate pathway, vitamin c biosynthesis pathways, and pathways associated with secondary metabolites production. Due to their agronomic potential and fruits growing demand, recently, based upon an ideotype, programs were initiated for their domestication and hereditary enhancement, however so far with very minimal accomplishments. Subsequently, we propose new strategies to accelerate the procedures of domestication and hereditary enhancement based upon cutting-edge innovations for multiomic data analysis and ingenious molecular tools. [19]

    Referrals

    1. Https://www.collinsdictionary.com/submission/3006/camu+camu
    2. Https://www.webmd.com/vitamins/ai/ingredientmono-1243/camu-camu
    3. Https://knoji.com/article/camucamu-berries-history-gastronomical-uses-and-nutrition/
    4. Https://rain-tree.com/camu.htm
    5. Https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/myrciaria_dubia#harvest
    6. Https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/camu-camu#nutritional-information
    7. Https://www.utep.edu/herbal-safety/herbal-facts/herbal%20facts%20sheet/camu-camu.html
    8. Https://www.herbazest.com/herbs/camu-camu
    9. Https://www.organicfacts.net/health-benefits/camu-camu.html
    10. Https://www.mamanatural.com/camu-camu/
    11. Https://www.zenjenskin.com/2020/04/17/camu-camu-mega-vitamin-c-for-brighter-skin/
    12. Https://howtocure.com/camu-camu-benefits/
    13. Https://learn.freshcap.com/tips/camu-camu/
    14. Https://www.healwithfood.org/recipes/how-to-use-camu-camu-powder.php
    15. Https://draxe.com/nutrition/camu-camu/#risks_and_side_effects
    16. Https://www.rxlist.com/camu_camu/supplements.htm#dosing
    17. Https://www.stylecraze.com/articles/side-effects-of-camu-camu-you-should-be-aware-of/#interactions
    18. Https://healthbenefitsof.org/10-shocking-health-benefits-of-camu-camu/#tips_and_precautions
    19. Https://www.intechopen.com/chapters/58913

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