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Calcium

    Calcium is a mineral most often connected with healthy bones and teeth, although it also plays a crucial function in blood clotting, assisting muscles to contract, and regulating normal heart rhythms and nerve functions. About 99% of the body’s calcium is saved in bones, and the remaining 1% is found in blood, muscle, and other tissues.

    In order to perform these crucial daily functions, the body works to keep a stable amount of calcium in the blood and tissues. If calcium levels drop too low in the blood, parathyroid hormonal agent (pth) will signify the bones to release calcium into the blood stream. This hormone may likewise activate vitamin d to improve the absorption of calcium in the intestinal tracts. At the same time, pth signals the kidneys to launch less calcium in the urine. When the body has enough calcium, a different hormone called calcitonin works to do the opposite: it lowers calcium levels in the blood by stopping the release of calcium from bones and indicating the kidneys to rid more of it in the urine.

    The body gets the calcium it needs in 2 methods. One is by consuming foods or supplements which contain calcium, and the other is by drawing from calcium in the body. If one does not eat adequate calcium-containing foods, the body will get rid of calcium from bones. Preferably, the calcium that is “borrowed” from the bones will be changed at a later point. But this doesn’t constantly happen, and can’t always be accomplished simply by consuming more calcium. [1]

    Calcium-rich foods (numerous are nondairy)

    Calcium is not only the most plentiful mineral in the body but also very important for your health.

    In fact, it comprises much of your bones and teeth and plays a role in heart health, muscle function, and nerve signaling.

    For the majority of adults, it’s advised to take in a minimum of 1,000 mg of calcium per day, though particular groups need a greater quantity, consisting of adolescents, postmenopausal women, and older grownups.

    Although dairy items like milk, cheese, and yogurt are especially high in calcium, lots of dairy-free sources of calcium are available.

    Here are 15 foods that are abundant in calcium, many of which are nondairy.

    1. Seeds

    Seeds are small dietary powerhouses, and numerous are high in calcium, including poppy, sesame, celery, and chia seeds.

    For example, 1 tablespoon (9 grams) of poppy seeds loads 127 mg of calcium, or 10% of the recommended everyday value (dv).

    Seeds likewise provide protein and healthy fats. For example, chia seeds are abundant in plant-based omega-3 fatty acids.

    Sesame seeds contain 7% of the dv for calcium in 1 tablespoon (9 grams), plus other minerals, including copper, iron, and manganese.

    Summary

    Numerous seeds are excellent sources of calcium and likewise deliver other essential nutrients, such as protein and healthy fats. One tablespoon (9 grams) of poppy seeds consists of 10% of the dv for calcium, while a serving of sesame seeds has 7% of the dv.

    2. Cheese

    A lot of cheeses are outstanding sources of calcium. Parmesan cheese has the most, with 242 mg– or 19% of the dv– per ounce (28 grams).

    Softer cheeses tend to have less. For instance, 1 ounce (28 grams) of brie only provides 52 mg, or 4% of the dv.

    As a benefit, your body takes in the calcium in dairy items more quickly than that from plant sources.

    Cheese also delivers protein. Cottage cheese has 23 grams of protein per cup.

    What’s more, aged, hard cheeses are naturally low in lactose, making them simpler to digest for individuals with lactose intolerance.

    Dairy might have extra health benefits. For instance, one evaluation of 31 studies recommends that increased dairy intake might be related to a lower threat of heart disease.

    Another review found that the regular intake of milk and yogurt was connected to a lower risk of metabolic syndrome, a condition that raises your threat of heart disease, stroke, and type 2 diabetes.

    Nevertheless, keep in mind that full fat cheese can be high in hydrogenated fat and calories. Specific cheeses also consist of a lot of sodium, which some individuals may require to limit.

    Summary

    Parmesan cheese loads 19% of the dv for calcium, while other types like brie deliver around 4%. Regardless of being high in hydrogenated fat and calories, consuming dairy might decrease your danger of heart disease.

    3. Yogurt

    Yogurt is an exceptional source of calcium.

    Lots of types of yogurt are likewise abundant in probiotics, a type of helpful bacteria that can promote immune function, enhance heart health, and boost nutrition absorption.

    One cup (245 grams) of plain yogurt consists of 23% of the dv for calcium, as well as a hearty dose of phosphorus, potassium, and vitamins b2 and b12.

    Low fat yogurt may be even higher in calcium, with 34% of the dv in 1 cup (245 grams).

    On the other hand, while greek yogurt is a great way to get extra protein in your diet plan, it delivers less calcium than routine yogurt.

    In addition to offering a large variety of nutrients, some research study also shows that regular consumption of yogurt may be connected to a lower danger of establishing heart problem and type 2 diabetes.

    Summary

    Yogurt is one of the very best sources of calcium, supplying up to 34% of the dv in 1 cup (245 grams). It’s also an excellent source of protein and other nutrients.

    4. Sardines and canned salmon

    Sardines and canned salmon are packed with calcium, thanks to their edible bones.

    A 3.75-ounce (92-gram) can of sardines loads 27% of the dv, and 3 ounces (85 grams) of canned salmon with bones has 19%.

    These oily fish also provide high quality protein and omega-3 fatty acids, which can support the health of your heart, brain, and skin.

    While seafood may include mercury, smaller sized fish such as sardines have low levels. In addition, both sardines and salmon have high levels of selenium, a mineral that can avoid and reverse mercury toxicity.

    Summary

    Sardines and canned salmon are incredibly healthy options. A can of sardines offers you 27% of the dv for calcium, while 3 ounces (85 grams) of canned salmon packs 19%.

    5. Beans and lentils

    Beans and lentils are high in fiber, protein, and micronutrients, including iron, zinc, folate, magnesium, and potassium.

    Some varieties likewise have decent quantities of calcium, consisting of winged beans, which supply 244 mg, or 19% of the dv, in a single cooked cup (172 grams).

    White beans are also a great source, with 1 cup (179 grams) of prepared white beans offering 12% of the dv. Other varieties of beans and lentils have less, ranging from around 3-4% of the dv per cup (175 grams).

    Surprisingly, beans are credited with a lot of the health benefits related to plant-based diets. In fact, research recommends that beans may help lower ldl (bad) cholesterol levels and lower your threat of establishing type 2 diabetes.

    Summary

    Beans are highly nutritious. One cup (172 grams) of prepared wing beans provides 19% of the dv for calcium, while other ranges supply around 3– 12% for the very same serving size.

    6. Almonds

    Of all nuts, almonds are among the greatest in calcium. Simply 1 ounce (28 grams) of almonds, or about 23 nuts, provides 6% of the dv.

    Almonds likewise supply 3.5 grams of fiber per ounce (28 grams), as well as healthy fats and protein. In addition, they’re an outstanding source of magnesium, manganese, and vitamin e.

    Consuming nuts might also help lower high blood pressure, body fat, and several other danger aspects for metabolic illness.

    Summary

    Almonds are high in nutrients like healthy fats, protein, and magnesium. One ounce (28 grams) of almonds, or 23 nuts, delivers 6% of the dv for calcium.

    7. Whey protein

    Whey is a kind of protein found in milk that has actually been well studied for its potential health advantages.

    It’s likewise an exceptional protein source and loaded with rapidly digested amino acids, which help promote muscle development and recovery.

    Surprisingly, some research studies have even linked whey-rich diet plans to increased weight-loss and improved blood glucose management.

    Whey is also exceptionally rich in calcium– a 1.2-ounce (33-gram) scoop of whey protein powder isolate contains roughly 160 mg, or 12% of the dv.

    Summary

    Whey protein is an extremely healthy protein source and contains approximately 12% of the dv for calcium in each 1.2-ounce (33-gram) scoop.

    8. Leafy greens

    Leafy green veggies are exceptionally healthy, and many of them are high in calcium, consisting of collard greens, spinach, and kale.

    For example, 1 cup (190 grams) of prepared collard greens has 268 mg of calcium, or about 21% of the amount that you need in a day.

    Note that some varieties, such as spinach, are high in oxalates, which are naturally occurring compounds that bind to calcium and hinder its absorption.

    Therefore, although spinach is rich in calcium, it’s not taken in as well as other calcium-rich greens that are low in oxalates, such as kale and collard greens.

    Summary

    Some leafy greens are rich in calcium, consisting of collard greens, which consist of 21% of the dv in each prepared cup (190 grams). However, particular leafy greens consist of oxalates, which can decrease the absorption of calcium.

    9. Rhubarb

    Rhubarb is abundant in fiber, vitamin k, calcium, and smaller quantities of other minerals and vitamins.

    It likewise consists of prebiotic fiber, a type of fiber that can promote the development of healthy bacteria in your gut.

    Like spinach, rhubarb is high in oxalates, a lot of the calcium is not absorbed. In fact, one research study found that your body can just take in around 5% of the calcium discovered in rhubarb.

    On the other hand, even if you’re only absorbing a small amount, rhubarb is still a source of calcium, with 105 mg of calcium per cup (122 grams) of raw rhubarb, or about 8% of the dv.

    Summary

    Rhubarb is high in fiber, vitamin k, and other nutrients. It also consists of calcium, although only a percentage is taken in by the body.

    10. Prepared foods

    Fortified foods like cereals can make it simpler to satisfy your day-to-day calcium requirements.

    In fact, some types of cereal can deliver up to 1,000 mg (100% of the dv) per serving– and that’s before including milk.

    Nevertheless, remember that your body can’t absorb all that calcium at the same time, and it’s finest to spread your consumption throughout the day.

    Flour and cornmeal may also be strengthened with calcium. This is why some breads, tortillas, and crackers contain high amounts.

    Summary

    Grain-based foods are typically strengthened with calcium, consisting of some breakfast cereals, tortillas, breads, and crackers.

    11. Amaranth

    Amaranth is a highly healthy pseudocereal.

    It’s an excellent source of folate and really high in certain minerals, consisting of manganese, magnesium, phosphorus, and iron.

    One cup (246 grams) of prepared Amaranth grain provides 116 mg of calcium, or 9% of the dv.

    Amaranth leaves consist of a lot more, with 21% of the dv for calcium per prepared cup (132 grams), in addition to an excellent quantity of vitamins a and c.

    Summary

    The seeds and leaves of Amaranth are very healthy. One cup (246 grams) of prepared Amaranth provides 9% of the dv for calcium, while the leaves load 21% per cup (132 grams).

    12. Edamame and tofu

    Edamame beans are young soybeans, often offered while still encased in the pod.

    One cup (155 grams) of cooked edamame packs 8% of the dv for calcium. It’s likewise a great source of protein and delivers all of your daily folate in a single serving.

    Tofu that has actually been prepared with calcium likewise has remarkably high amounts, with over 66% of the dv for calcium in just half a cup (126 grams).

    Summary

    Tofu and edamame are both abundant in calcium. Simply half a cup (126 grams) of tofu prepared with calcium has 66% of the dv, while 1 cup (155 grams) of cooked edamame packs 8%.

    13. Fortified drinks

    Even if you do not consume milk, you can still get calcium from many strengthened, nondairy drinks.

    One cup (237 ml) of strengthened soy milk has 23% of the dv.

    What’s more, its 6 grams of protein make it the nondairy milk that’s most nutritionally comparable to cow’s milk.

    Other kinds of nut- and seed-based milks might be strengthened with even greater levels.

    However, stronghold isn’t just for nondairy milks. For instance, orange juice can also be fortified, offering as much as 27% of the dv per cup (237 ml).

    Summary

    Nondairy milks and orange juice might be fortified with calcium. For instance, 1 cup (237 ml) of fortified orange juice can have 27% of the dv, while the exact same serving of fortified soy milk packs 23%.

    14. Figs

    Dried figs are abundant in antioxidants and fiber.

    They likewise have more calcium than other dried fruits. In fact, dried figs supply 5% of the dv for calcium in a 1.4-ounce (40-gram) serving.

    Furthermore, figs offer an excellent quantity of potassium and vitamin k, two micronutrients that are necessary for bone health.

    Summary

    Dried figs include more calcium than other dried fruits. A 1.4-ounce (40-gram) serving has 5% of your day-to-day requirements for this mineral.

    15. Milk

    Milk is among the best and most extensively available sources of calcium available.

    One cup (237 ml) of cow’s milk has 306– 325 mg, depending on whether it’s entire or nonfat milk. The calcium in dairy is also absorbed effectively.

    Furthermore, milk is a good source of protein, vitamin a, and vitamin d.

    Goat’s milk is another exceptional source of calcium, offering 327 mg per cup (237 ml).

    Summary

    Milk is a great source of calcium, which is well absorbed by the body. One cup (237 ml) of milk offers 24– 25% of the dv for this mineral. [2]

    Health advantages of Calcium supplements

    It is a necessary mineral for healthy bones, gums, and teeth. Doctors frequently suggest ladies to take calcium supplements, especially those who show early indications of bone issues such as osteoporosis or osteopenia.

    Enhances bones

    Calcium reinforces the foundation, assists reduce the presence of back pain, and keeps the bones in their correct shape. It likewise avoids arthritis and osteoporosis, which might hamper your flexibility of movement and be incredibly unpleasant.

    Weight reduction

    Calcium efficiently helps in maintaining ideal body weight in both males and females. If there is any shortage of the mineral in your diet plan, the body will tend to release parathyroid hormone, which in turn stimulates the bones to release it into your blood stream. This maintains the balance. On the other side, the parathyroid hormonal agent also promotes the production of fat and prevents its break down, which can consequently make you obese. Essentially, make certain that you are taking the correct amount of calcium so that obesity does not sneak in.

    Protects heart muscles

    It safeguards your heart muscles. Adequate amounts of this essential mineral can assist cardiac muscles agreement and relax appropriately. It also helps the nervous system preserve a correct pressure in your arteries. If there is a calcium drop, a hormone called calcitriol is launched, which contracts the smooth muscles of the arteries, therefore increasing the blood pressure. Cardiac muscles require extracellular calcium ions for contraction. When the intracellular concentration of calcium boosts, the ions gather together on the protein troponin. This stimulates the secretion of extracellular fluid and the intracellular shops, including that of the skeletal muscle, which is only activated by calcium saved in the sarcoplasmic reticulum.

    Anticancer possible

    Dr. Ulrike peters, dr. Katherine mcglynn et al, published a report in the american journal of clinical nutrition, that states that a sufficient quantity of calcium avoids the overall threat of colon cancer. It suppresses the growth of polyps, which has the prospective to lead to cancer. Its supplementation decreases the threat of adenomas in addition to nonmalignant tumors of the colon. This is really a precursor to colon cancer, but it’s still not known if calcium consumption lessens the cancer threat totally.

    Decreases premenstrual depression

    Sufficient quantities of calcium minimize the symptoms of a premenstrual syndrome like dizziness, mood swings, high blood pressure, and many others. Low levels of the mineral may trigger the release of the hormonal agents that are responsible for premenstrual mood swings including irritation and depression.

    Avoids kidney stones

    Kidney stones are really crystallized deposits of calcium and other minerals in the human urinary system. The most typical kind of kidney stones is oxalate stones. Formerly, it was believed that a high consumption or high absorption of the minerals establish kidney stones, however the most recent research studies reveal that a high dietary calcium consumption reduces the risk of kidney stones considerably. Other factors like high oxalate consumption from leafy vegetables like kale and spinach, along with decreased fluid usage, can also show to be a big cause for kidney stones.

    Controls alkaline ph level

    Junk food, excess sugars, and preserved food items contribute to forming level of acidity in the body, which, according to a report released in bmj open journal, might generate kidney stones, hypertension and in some cases even cancer. Calcium helps keep a healthy ph level, therefore improving your vigor and overall health.

    Regulates high blood pressure

    Research study has actually specified that a vegetarian diet with high quantities of calcium, magnesium, potassium, and fiber will lead to a controlled high blood pressure. While other scientists concluded that increased consumption lead to hypertension. Later, it was seen that the factor for such various outcomes was since these research studies evaluated the effect of single nutrients instead of the food sources having that dietary material. The nationwide institutes of health carried out a research study called “dietary techniques to stop high blood pressure (dash)”. The “typical american” diet plan was compared to 2 transformed diet plans that were rich in fruits and vegetables and a combo “dash” diet plan stuffed with fruits, vegetables, and calcium. The results revealed a decreased high blood pressure.

    To assist evaluate the combined result of nutrients consisting of calcium from food on high blood pressure, a study was carried out to investigate the effect of numerous consuming patterns on blood pressure. This research study took a look at the effects of three different diets on high blood pressure and found that the combined results of various foods still showed it to be useful in terms of blood pressure.

    Dental care

    Calcium secures your teeth by keeping the jaw bone strong and strong throughout your life, which in turn makes sure tight fitting teeth where germs can not prosper. Thus, before your teeth and gums start providing you any trouble, make sure to maintain a calcium-rich diet. Its consumption must be high, particularly at young ages, so that children can grow up with strong teeth.

    Transportation of nutrients

    It assists in the simple motion of nutrients throughout cell membranes. [3]

    Calcium shortage

    The list below conditions or way of life routines might lead to low calcium levels, likewise known as hypocalcemia:.

    • Bulimia, anorexia, and some other eating disorders.
    • Mercury direct exposure
    • Overconsumption of magnesium
    • Long-term use of laxatives
    • Extended use of some medications, such as chemotherapy or corticosteroids
    • Chelation therapy used for metal exposure
    • Absence of parathyroid hormone
    • People who eat a great deal of protein or salt might excrete calcium.
    • Some cancers
    • High usage of caffeine, soda, or alcohol
    • Some conditions, such as celiac illness, inflammatory bowel disease, crohn’s illness, and some other digestion illness
    • Some surgical procedures, including getting rid of the stomach
    • Kidney failure
    • Pancreatitis
    • vitamin d deficiency
    • Phosphate deficiency

    The body eliminates some calcium in sweat, urine, and feces. Foods and activities that motivate these functions may reduce the levels of calcium in the body. [4]

    Advised consumption

    Intake suggestions for calcium and other nutrients are provided in the dietary reference intakes (dris) developed by the food and nutrition board (fnb) at the national academies of sciences, engineering, and medicine. Dris is the general term for a set of referral values utilized for preparation and examining nutrition intakes of healthy people. These worths, which differ by age and sex, include:.

    Suggested dietary allowance (rda): average day-to-day level of intake sufficient to satisfy the nutrient requirements of nearly all (97%– 98%) healthy people; frequently utilized to plan nutritionally sufficient diet plans for individuals.

    Sufficient consumption (ai): intake at this level is presumed to ensure nutritional adequacy; established when proof is insufficient to develop an rda.

    Estimated average requirement (ear): average daily level of consumption estimated to meet the requirements of 50% of healthy people; generally used to examine the nutrient intakes of groups of people and to prepare nutritionally sufficient diet plans for them; can also be utilized to evaluate the nutrient consumption of individuals.

    Tolerable upper intake level (ul): maximum daily intake not likely to cause unfavorable health effects.

    Table 1 notes the existing rdas for calcium. For grownups, the primary criterion that the fnb used to establish the rdas was the quantity required to promote bone upkeep and neutral calcium balance. For babies aged 0 to 12 months, the fnb developed an ai that is equivalent to the mean consumption of calcium in healthy, breastfed infants. For children and teenagers, the rdas are based upon intakes connected with bone accumulation and positive calcium balance. [4]

    Who should consider calcium supplements?

    Even if you eat a healthy, balanced diet, you might discover it hard to get enough calcium if you:.

    • Follow a vegan diet
    • Have lactose intolerance and limitation dairy products
    • Consume large quantities of protein or sodium, which can trigger your body to excrete more calcium
    • Are receiving long-term treatment with corticosteroids
    • Have certain bowel or digestive diseases that decrease your ability to absorb calcium, such as inflammatory bowel illness or celiac disease

    In these situations, calcium supplements might assist you meet your calcium requirements. Talk with your doctor or dietitian about whether calcium supplements are right for you.

    Do calcium supplements have dangers?

    Calcium supplements aren’t for everyone. For example, if you have a health condition that triggers excess calcium in your blood stream (hypercalcemia), you must avoid calcium supplements.

    It’s not definitive, however there might be a link in between high-dose calcium supplements and heart problem. The proof is blended and more research study is required prior to medical professionals understand the result calcium supplements might have on cardiovascular disease danger.

    A similar debate surrounds calcium and prostate cancer. Some research studies have actually revealed that high calcium consumption from dairy products and supplements may increase danger, whereas another more recent study revealed no increased danger of prostate cancer connected with overall calcium, dietary calcium or supplemental calcium consumption.

    Up until more is understood about these possible risks, it’s important to be careful to avoid excessive quantities of calcium. As with any health issue, it is essential to speak to your physician to identify what’s right for you. [6]

    • Calcium supplements are available without a prescription in a wide variety of preparations (including chewable and liquid) and in various quantities. The very best supplement is the one that meets your needs for convenience, cost, and schedule. When picking a supplement, keep the following in mind:
    • Select brand-name supplements with tested reliability. Try to find labels that mention “cleansed” or have the usp (united states pharmacopeia) symbol. The “usp validated mark” on the supplement label suggests that the usp has actually evaluated and discovered the calcium supplement to meet its requirements for pureness and quality.
    • Read the product label thoroughly to figure out the amount of essential calcium, which is the actual quantity of calcium in the supplement, as well as how many dosages or tablets you have to take. When checking out the label, pay close attention to the “amount per serving” and “serving size.”
    • Calcium is taken in best when taken in quantities of 500– 600 mg or less. This is the case for both foods and supplements. Attempt to get your calcium-rich foods and/or supplements in percentages throughout the day, preferably with a meal. While it’s not advised, taking your calcium at one time is much better than not taking it at all.
    • Take (most) calcium supplements with food. Eating food produces stomach acid that assists your body absorb most calcium supplements. The one exception to the rule is calcium citrate, which can absorb well when taken with or without food.
    • When starting a new calcium supplement, begin with a smaller sized amount to much better endure it. When changing supplements, try starting with 200-300 mg every day for a week, and consume an additional 6-8 ounces of water with it. Then gradually add more calcium each week.
    • Adverse effects from calcium supplements, such as gas or constipation might happen. If increasing fluids in your diet does not solve the issue, attempt another type or brand of calcium. It might require trial and error to discover the best supplement for you, however thankfully there are many choices.
    • Talk with your doctor or pharmacist about possible interactions between prescription or over-the-counter medications and calcium supplements. [7]

    The threats of excessive calcium

    Calcium has numerous health benefits, but you don’t want to overdo it. Too much calcium in your blood can increase your danger of kidney stones and constipation. Calcium can also communicate with some medications, making them less efficient. This includes osteoporosis drugs, antibiotics, some diuretics, and beta blockers.

    The majority of grownups should not take in more than 2,500 mg of calcium a day, according to the institute of medicine. [8]
    Taking high doses of calcium (more than 1,500 mg a day) could result in stand pain and diarrhoea. [9]

    Unique safety measures & & warnings:

    Pregnancy and breast-feeding: calcium is likely safe when taken by mouth in recommended amounts. But calcium is potentially hazardous when taken by mouth in dosages above the everyday bearable upper intake level (ul). The ul is 3000 mg for those under 18 years of age and 2500 mg for those over 18 years of age. Greater doses might increase the risk of seizures in the infant. Make sure to think about overall calcium consumption from both dietary and additional sources of calcium. Avoid taking more than 1000-1200 mg of calcium from supplements daily unless prescribed by your medical professional.

    Kids: calcium is likely safe when taken by mouth in recommended amounts. But calcium is possibly risky when taken by mouth in doses above the daily bearable upper intake level (ul). The ul is 1000 mg for those 0-6 months old, 1500 mg for those 6-12 months old, 2500 mg for those 1-8 years of ages, and 3000 mg for those 9-18 years of ages. Children ought to take in sufficient calcium to meet everyday requirements, but must not take in additional calcium.

    Low acid levels in the stomach (achlorhydria): people with low levels of stomach acid take in less calcium if calcium is taken on an empty stomach. Individuals with low acid levels ought to take calcium supplements with meals. [10]

    References

    1. Https://www.hsph.harvard.edu/nutritionsource/calcium/#:~:text=calcium%20is%20a%20mineral%20most,heart%20rhythms%20and%20nerve%20functions.
    2. Https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/15-calcium-rich-foods
    3. Https://www.organicfacts.net/health-benefits/minerals/calcium.html
    4. Https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/248958#deficiency
    5. Https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/calcium-healthprofessional/
    6. Https://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/nutrition-and-healthy-eating/in-depth/calcium-supplements/art-20047097
    7. Https://www.bonehealthandosteoporosis.org/patients/treatment/calciumvitamin-d/
    8. Https://www.healthgrades.com/right-care/food-nutrition-and-diet/the-health-benefits-of-calcium
    9. Https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/vitamins-and-minerals/calcium/
    10. Https://www.webmd.com/vitamins/ai/ingredientmono-781/calcium

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