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Borage Oil

    Borage Oil is derived from the seeds of the plant, borago officinalis (borage).

    Borage seed oil has among the highest quantities of γ-linolenic acid (gla) of seed oils– higher than blackcurrant seed oil or evening primrose oil, to which it is considered similar. Gla typically makes up about 24% of the oil. [1]

    Overview

    Borage is a plant. Its flowers and leaves, in addition to the oil from its seeds are utilized as medication.

    Borage seed oil is used for skin disorders including eczema (atopic dermatitis), red, itchy rash on the scalp (seborrheic dermatitis), and a type of skin problem called neurodermatitis. It is also utilized for rheumatoid arthritis (ra), swelling of the gums, tension, premenstrual syndrome (pms), diabetes, attention deficit-hyperactivity condition (adhd), severe respiratory distress syndrome (ards), alcohol addiction, discomfort and swelling (swelling), asthma, and for avoiding heart disease and stroke. Borage oil is in some cases contributed to infant formula in small amounts to provide fatty acids needed to promote development of preterm infants.

    Borage flower and leaves are used for fever, cough, and depression. Borage is likewise used for a hormone issue called adrenal deficiency, for “blood purification,” to increase urine circulation, to prevent swelling of the lungs, as a sedative, and to promote sweating. Borage is likewise used to increase breast milk production and to treat bronchitis and colds.

    Borage is applied to the skin for red, scratchy rash on the scalp of infants (seborrheic dermatitis) and is also used in a dressing to soften the skin. In foods, borage is eaten in salads and soups.

    In production, borage is used in skin care products. [2]

    History of borage

    Prepared as a veggie, consumed as a salad, and combined with wine, the borage plant has a long history of being a frequently ingested plant. It is popularly known for being among the wealthiest sources of gamma-linolenic acid.

    It is only just recently that borage seeds oil began appearing in skin care products, but in ancient times borage was referred to as beebread since bees liked the blue star-shaped flower. The plant was likewise called starflower, as a result of its blue star-shaped appearance. Throughout history, borage has actually been described as a spirit lifter. The greek physician dioscorides claimed, “borage can cheer the heart and lift depressed spirits.”.

    Mainly cultivated in the northern hemisphere, the borage plant is belonging to the eastern mediterranean region. It is now grown in various parts of europe, including fantastic britain and parts of north america. In numerous areas of europe, the leaves are prepared as a veggie. Eating the different parts.

    Of this plant supplied the necessary fatty acids needed and worked as a tonic to those experiencing depression. In the middle ages, borage leaves were typically brewed into a medicinal tea given that they were thought to treat fevers, coughs, and even anxiety.

    In the odyssey by greek poet homer, borage is the herb that caused forgetfulness when mixed in white wine. When roman soldiers went to war, borage flowers were soaked in their white wine the night prior to they were going to battle. This permitted the soldiers to forget their worries and concentrate on the war. The flowers added taste to their wine and functioned as a potion for providing courage to the soldiers. To further support this theory, the english name of the plant is stemmed from the celtic word borrach, which directly equates to a person of guts. [3]

    How to grow borage?

    The borage herb is an old-fashioned plant that can get up to 2 feet (61 cm.) Tall, or more. It is belonging to the middle east and has an ancient history in war as an improvement for bravery and courage. Growing borage supplies the gardener with cucumber-flavored leaves for tea and other drinks along with brilliant, starry blue flowers for decorating salads. All parts of the plant, except the roots, are delicious and have culinary or medical uses. Borage plant info while not as common as thyme or basil, borage herb (borago officinalis) is an unique plant for the cooking garden. It grows rapidly as an annual but will colonize a corner of the garden by self-seeding and reappearing every year. June and july are declared by the presence of the borage flower, an appealing, little, fantastic blue bloom with appealing qualities. Certainly, the plant should be consisted of in the butterfly garden and brings pollinators to your veggies. The oval leaves are hairy and rough with the lower foliage pressing 6 inches (15 cm.) In length. The borage plant might grow 12 or more inches (30.5 or more cm.) Wide in a high bushy habit. 0 seconds of 0 secondsvolume 0% growing borage herb cultivation just takes a little gardening knowledge. Grow borage in an herb or flower garden. Prepare a garden bed that is well tilled with average organic matter. Guarantee that the soil is well-drained and in a medium ph range. Plant seeds straight into the garden after the last date of frost. Plant seeds 1/4 to 1/2 inch (6.5 mm.– 1.5 cm.) Under the soil in rows 12 inches (30.5 cm.) Apart. Thin the borage herb to a minimum of 1 foot (30.5 cm.) When the plants determine 4 to 6 inches (10-15 cm.) Tall. Planting borage with strawberries attracts bees and increases the yield of fruit. It has restricted culinary use in today’s foods, however the borage flower is frequently used as a garnish. Typically the borage plant was utilized to deal with numerous conditions, from jaundice to kidney problems. In medicinal usage today it is limited, however the seeds give linolenic acid. Borage flowers are also utilized in potpourris or candied for usage in confections. Borage can be perpetuated by enabling the flowers to go to seed and self-sow. Pinching the terminal development will force a bushier plant but may sacrifice a few of the flowers. Borage herb is not a picky plant and has actually been understood to grow in refuse piles and highway ditches. Be assured you desire the plant to grow back annually or remove the flowers before it seeds. Growing borage requires a dedicated space in the home garden. Borage herb harvest sowing the seeds every four weeks will ensure a ready supply of borage flowers. The leaves may be picked at any time and utilized fresh. Dried leaves have little of the characteristic flavor so the plant is finest taken in after harvest. Leave the flowers alone if you are hosting a honeybee nest. The blooms produce an exceptional flavored honey. [4]

    Borage seed oil extraction

    Borage seed oil is finest drawn out by low temperature level extraction technique. Low temperature level extraction is especially ideal for machine pushing organic plants and high value-added cash crops. Throughout the extracting process, the oil temperature is low, the oil yield is high, the residual oil of cake is low, and the processed oil is light in color, great in quality and abundant in nutrition.

    The cryogenic oil press produced by our company is the ideal option for drawing out borage oil. Making use of this press can prevent destroying the molecular structure of the borage seed oil and avoid the loss of nutrients, thus effectively improving the quality of the completed oil.

    Above is a 20l extraction device for borage seed oil extract processing. The entire extraction procedure will be completed under low temperature and low pressure with this extraction machine, and the active ingredients in natural borage seeds will not be harmed. For that reason, the final borage seed oil is of highest quality and can be priced high in the global market. For large scale or commercial production of borage seed oil, we can likewise use ideal total oil extraction plant at market low cost. [5]

    How does it work?

    Borage seed oil contains really high levels of 2 kinds of polyunsaturated omega-6 necessary fatty acids, 20– 26% gamma-linolenic acid (gla) and linolenic acid (la, which your body converts to gla).

    Gla is an important fatty acid that is necessary for maintaining a joint’s cell structure and function. Your body converts it into hormone-like substances called prostaglandins, which control your body immune system and fight joint swelling. Gla might also suppress inflammatory reactions by directly acting upon some inflammatory cells.

    A number of factors can hinder your body’s production of gla from la, including:.

    • Ageing
    • Malnutritions
    • Viral infections
    • Some illness.

    Other oils generally utilized in normal diet (like sunflower oil) just contain la. Borage seed oil is the richest source of pure gla. It also contains tannic, oleic and palmetic acid. [6]

    Nutritional worth

    Eightynine grams of serving of raw borage contains 19 calories and 0.62 grams of fat. The exact same amount grants 83 mg of calcium, 2.94 mg of iron, 46 mg of magnesium, 0.053 mg of thiamin, 0.134 mg of riboflavin, 0.801 mg of niacin and others. It supplies 36.75% of iron, 34.67% of vitamin c, 26.71% of vitamin a, 13.52% of manganese, 12.89% of copper etc. [7]

    Forms of borage oil

    You can find borage oil as an oil made from the plant’s seeds, but you can also discover it as nutritional supplements. These may be available in pill or soft gel form, which you take by mouth.

    All types of borage oil include gla, which is considered the primary active component. You can discover gla in other oils, such as evening primrose and black currant.

    Choosing the best form of borage oil depends upon what you’re utilizing it for. Topical products may work best on skin and hair but are not indicated to be taken by mouth. Make certain to read the labels for guidelines and preventative measures.

    Oral variations might work better for types of swelling, including in vascular health. [8]

    What are the benefits of borage seed oil?

    Mostly borage oil benefits us by attributing to gamma-linolenic acid, an important fat in the oil. The oil is known to combat swelling (and related conditions like arthritis) and significantly enhance skin health. It also assists weight-loss and helps deal with dry eyes.

    Battles swelling

    The gamma-linolenic acid should be offered credit for this especially useful quality of borage seed oil. Gla is an important omega-6 fat that is converted into prostaglandins in your body– and these substances regulate your immunity and fight inflammation. Gla also straight affects inflammatory cells and thus suppresses swelling.

    One research study from the university of pennsylvania mentioned how borage oil can help deal with rheumatoid arthritis. It likewise assists heal skin problem like eczema (more of which we will go over later), periodontitis, numerous sclerosis, and alzheimer’s disease. The anti-inflammatory results of this oil have actually been supported by several other research studies as well. Another research study discusses how borage oil can be especially helpful for rheumatoid arthritis.

    The gla in the oil likewise has anti-mutagenic homes and might assist battle cancer as well.

    Aids weight loss

    Gla, being an essential fatty acid, can typically result in a general enhancement in health– and this includes healthy weight-loss as well. Gla also helps your body to hang on to protein and slows down the absorption of carbs. The acid also carries the fat-soluble vitamins to the bloodstream. And because gla is a good fat, it prevents overindulging and lowers fat yearnings also. Basically, gla helps reduce fat accumulation in the body.

    And more surprisingly, gla causes the build-up of brown fat and reduce white fat. Research study has revealed that leaner people tend to have more brown fat. Brown fat acts more like a muscle.

    In fact, one american research study talks about how gla can help reduce weight gain in previously overweight human beings.

    Assists reward acne and related disorders

    The gla in borage seed oil assists battle inflammation, and this can play an important role in treating acne. Natural practitioners frequently recommend that the oil be taken orally or applied topically for this function.

    These anti-inflammatory homes of the oil likewise help treat conditions like rosacea. The oil likewise lowers skin reddening connected with the condition.

    One korean research study speak about how gamma-linolenic acid, along with omega-3 fatty acids, can assist the treatment of acne vulgaris. Some sources state that borage oil can likewise help in the treatment of keratosis pilaris, which is another skin condition that triggers rough spots and acne-like bumps on the skin.

    Improves skin health

    In addition to treating acne and so on, borage oil likewise enhances skin health in general. It restores moisture and assists treat dry skin.

    Borage seed oil is specifically understood for its capability to deal with eczema and dermatitis. This can be credited to its ability to remedy deficiencies in skin lipids. The science is this– when the skin can not produce sufficient of the protective oils, the outcome takes place to be inflammation and skin flare-ups.

    The oil can likewise help improve psoriasis. You simply need to apply some borage oil to the affected areas and leave it on over night. Wash off with cold water in the morning.

    Specific sources state borage oil can likewise lower cellulite– though more research is required in this regard.

    Deals with respiratory allergic reactions

    Borage seed oil can enhance the performance of the lungs, more so in individuals with irritated respiratory disorders, consisting of severe breathing distress syndrome (ards). The oil assists the treatment of cough, cold, and flu.

    It is also often utilized to deal with bronchitis. And according to other research studies, borage oil can be useful in the treatment of other allergic illness too. This consists of asthma too.

    Might be helpful during pregnancy

    Though some sources point out the benefits of borage oil during pregnancy, there is research that states otherwise. We suggest you check with your physician prior to taking borage oil during pregnancy.

    Borage oil has also been utilized for dealing with cradle cap, which is a rash beginning on a child’s scalp that may later turn into eczema (not required, though). Nevertheless, there is minimal research study on this. Certain sources likewise say that borage oil might induce labor– however we don’t know how far this holds true. Thus, please talk with your medical professional before utilizing the oil for this function.

    Eases menopause symptoms

    Based on reports published by cleveland clinic, the anti-inflammatory homes of borage oil can lower the signs connected to menopause and premenstrual syndrome– such as mood swings, breast tenderness, and hot flashes. It also can help relieve night sweats.

    However, we need more research in this aspect.

    Helps treatment hangover

    It is important to know that hangover signs happen due to swelling triggered by inflammatory prostaglandins– and like we currently saw, the gla in borage seed oil inhibits the production of inflammatory prostaglandins and increases that of anti-inflammatory prostaglandins. Hence, the hangover symptoms are significantly treated the next day.

    In fact, one supplement including borage oil as one of the essential ingredients was discovered to treat hangovers in 88% of the participants in a study.

    Boosts hair health

    Borage oil is popular for dealing with a condition called folliculitis– where the hair follicles get damaged and irritated as a result of infection. This can frequently lead to serious hair fall. Rubbing borage oil into the scalp can assist, thanks to its anti-inflammatory properties.

    Likewise, the omega-6 fatty acids in borage oil positively affect hair growth. And not just that, the oil might also help treat dandruff.

    May promote breast growth

    The gla in borage seed oil is understood to convert testosterone into estrogen– and this might promote breast augmentation. The oil is likewise stated to contain phytoestrogens that might increase milk supply.

    Nevertheless, this information has been collected from specific sources whose reliability is under question. Also, we require more research to substantiate this. Please consult your physician prior to using borage seed oil for this purpose.

    Can assist battle anxiety

    Borage is typically brewed as tea to eliminate anxiety (the flowers are soaked in hot water, and the liquid is consumed). The oil is likewise associated with the treatment of other mood conditions like ocd and panic attack. Borage oil, as talked about, contains a greater portion of gla, and this relieves the nervous system.

    But do take care with the ingestion of herbs for dealing with nerve system issues– as one research study links the intake of borage oil with a case of epilepsy. For this reason, consult your physician.

    Though research study is restricted, some sources say that borage oil assists deal with adrenal tiredness also.

    Treats dry eyes

    Anecdotal proof has actually shown that borage oil can assist treat dry eyes. You can use half a teaspoon of borage oil every day for this purpose.

    Some research studies have proven that the gla in borage seed oil can assist deal with the signs of dry eyes.

    Can deal with ovarian cysts

    With high amounts of omega-6 fatty acids, borage oil can help in reducing testosterone levels in females. Borage oil can help relieve agonizing durations. It may also assist deal with polycystic ovarian syndrome.

    You have seen the advantages. However borage seed oil has some side effects that you require to remember. [9]

    Borage oil: two types of applications

    Borage oil can be utilized in lots of methods according to your needs in regards to charm however likewise health. Indeed, borage oil has lots of benefits on the body! It has been utilized for more than thirty years in france orally and on the skin.

    Externally: borage oil is used in your area on the skin, hair and nails. However, this oil is typically reproached for having an undesirable odor. It remains in fact the smell of the seeds, when they are badly maintained, damp or when there is a presence of insects and termites.

    To soften the smell, it is possible to include a few drops of happily aromatic important oils. Nevertheless, you ought to not encounter this smell problem with daniel rouillard’s borage oil, due to the fact that it is kept in a cold room, therefore keeping the good smell of borage seeds, somewhat herbaceous.

    Internally: in the form of capsules: borage oil can be taken in as a dietary supplement in order to act in depth on a problem. It can also be proposed in association with evening primrose oil, with a complementary profile. Discover daniel rouillard’s virgin borage oil, whose virtues are maintained in the long term thanks to its usage in capsules straight after the first cold pushing. The oil is likewise secured from oxidation. [10]

    What can’t borage oil do?

    It most likely will not assist with weight management: dr. Shah gives this a huge thumbs down. Some people go as far to say that borage oil will assist your body eliminate fat. One (extremely small) research study back in 2007 concluded that taking high quantities of gla after significant weight reduction could help reduce the threat of the weight gain back that so frequently happens. This is far from conclusive, and, sorry, unlikely to be any sort of magic bullet.

    It likely won’t assist with eczema: because of the anti-inflammatory properties of gla, some have actually recommended that borage oil could be helpful for eczema, an inflammatory skin condition where the skin overproduces cells, developing dry spots of skin. Nevertheless, it has yet to pan out irl: a 2013 review, which examined 8 studies that evaluated borage oil on this skin condition discovered that it had no meaningful result on signs.

    Do not expect it to alleviate cramps: borage oil is said to disrupt prostaglandins, hormonal agents that are related to painful menstrual cramps. However, there is really little research study out there to verify these anecdotal accounts. If you’re burdened cramps each month and are desperately searching for a fix, it’s time to talk with your gynecologist before popping a supplement. Horrible cramps can be an indication of underlying problems, like uterine fibroids, that your doctor might want to eliminate. And if you’re searching for a research-backed solution for cramps, know that light physical exercise may assist you find relief. [11]

    Babies and borage oil

    One of the more effective demonstrations of the advantages to the skin of topically used borage oil is a scientific study done on 48 infants experiencing severe infantile seborrhoeic dermatitis, a common condition in infants called “cradle cap”. This condition is characterized by dry scales and crusts on the.

    Scalp, eyelids, face, underarms, breast, and groin. The babies were dealt with twice daily with topically used borage oil and the condition cleared within two weeks. Not just existed an improvement in the locations where the borage oil was directly used however likewise in the locations where it was not. This result indicated that the borage oil was successfully taken in through the skin and appeared throughout the body as a source of gamma linolenic acid for the biosynthesis of prostaglandin. If the treatment was terminated the symptoms came back within 1 week. Nevertheless, if the treatment was maintained up until the babies became 7 months old and after that stopped, there was no regression.

    The authors assumed that these infants were born with an immature d6d enzyme system and were not able to produce adequate gamma linolenic acid on their own, hence giving rise to the symptoms of “cradle cap.” the borage oil treatment fixed the symptoms by providing gla until the baby’s own enzyme system caught up. [12]

    How to utilize borage seed oil?

    If you want an oral dosage of borage oil, it’s readily available in capsule supplements or as liquids that can be added to salads, dips, soups and smoothies.

    In skin care, you’ll frequently find it sold as a pure oil– for usage on the face, body and hair– or along with other ingredients as part of a serum, face oil mix, moisturizer and even within a nourishing cleanser.

    When and how typically should borage seed oil be utilized?

    There are no rules for when to use borage seed oil. If you’re taking it orally as a supplement, a lot of consist of in between 1000mg and 1500mg and are to be taken once a day.

    In skincare, you can use it both morning and night although, similar to all oils, you might discover you prefer to pop it on prior to bed to prevent hindering your make-up.

    It works well as the final ‘sealing’ step in your evening routine, locking in all the goodness from your other skincare items. [13]

    Side-effects of borage seed oil

    As it is a natural supplement, topical application of this oil is considered to be safe. But you must consult your doctor if you want to take it in pill form. Safety measures ought to be taken before intake of these pills.

    Pregnant ladies need to not take borage oil as it might induce labour. Borage oil has blood thinning residential or commercial properties. Avoid this oil if you are taking medications like aspirin or warfarin. You need to also terminate taking starflower oil pill before any surgery. And, beware if you have any bleeding condition or if you bruise quickly. It may prolong your bleeding time. If you are prone to seizures, consult your doctor before taking this oil orally.

    There is much debate about the hazardous results of this oil on our liver. This is due to the presence of pyrrolizidine alkaloids. People taking borage seed oil orally may likewise sometimes experience digestion problems like soft stool, diarrhoea, gas and bloating. [14]

    How to utilize (dose)

    The appropriate dosage of bo depends on your case history and what you’re utilizing it for. It’s readily available over the counter in drug shops, online and in natural food stores.

    For the most part, for usually healthy grownups the common dosage of bo is generally 500 milligrams to 3,000 milligrams taken once or twice daily.

    For clients intending to eliminate inflammation and pain caused by conditions like rheumatoid arthritis, a higher dose up to 3 grams is typically most effective. One research study found that a mix of 1.8 grams bo and 2 grams of fish oil daily helped reduce rheumatoid pain.

    For anyone new to bo, a lower dose of around 500 milligrams is an excellent place to begin.

    Topical bo items are likewise readily available and work best when applied to the skin to assist improve recovery. Read directions for topical applications given that products differ.

    It’s advised that you blend bo with a carrier oil prior to applying to your skin. Try mixing about 12 drops per one ounce of almond, jojoba or olive oil, and after that apply two times daily while monitoring your reaction.

    When purchasing bo, constantly search for a high-quality brand that is preferably licensed organic. Some brands guarantee maximum potency and are evaluated and verified by a 3rd party.

    It’s likewise a great idea to purchase pills that are packaged in light-resistant containers and to save borage oil someplace dark and cool, since the oil can become rancid when heated and exposed to uv light.

    It can likewise help absorption and healthy immune function if you consume lots of vitamin c, zinc and magnesium, all of which support your body’s capability to keep healthy skin, heart health and more. [15]

    Interactions

    Medications that increase the breakdown of other medications by the liver (cytochrome p450 3a4 (cyp3a4) inducers) interaction score:.

    Moderate beware with this combination. Talk with your health supplier.

    Borage is broken down by the liver. Some chemicals that form when the liver breaks down borage seed oil can be harmful. Medications that cause the liver to break down borage seed oil may improve the hazardous results of chemicals consisted of in borage seed oil.

    A few of these medications consist of carbamazepine (tegretol), phenobarbital, phenytoin (dilantin), rifampin, rifabutin (mycobutin), and others.

    Medications that slow blood clot (anticoagulant/ antiplatelet drugs) interaction ranking: moderate be cautious with this mix. Talk with your health provider.

    Borage seed oil may slow blood clotting in some individuals. Borage seed oil contains gla (gamma linolenic acid). Gla is the part of borage seed oil that may slow blood clotting. Taking borage seed oil along with medications that also sluggish clotting may increase the opportunities of bruising and bleeding.

    Some medications that slow blood clotting consist of aspirin, clopidogrel (plavix), diclofenac (voltaren, cataflam, others), ibuprofen (advil, motrin, others), naproxen (anaprox, naprosyn, others), dalteparin (fragmin), enoxaparin (lovenox), heparin, warfarin (coumadin), and others.

    Medications used throughout surgical treatment (anesthesia) interaction rating:.

    Moderate be cautious with this combination. Talk with your health company.

    Borage seed oil might engage with medications used throughout surgery. Be sure to inform your doctor what natural items you are taking before having surgical treatment. To be on the safe side, you ought to stop taking borage seed oil a minimum of 2 weeks prior to surgical treatment.

    Nsaids (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) interaction rating:.

    Minor be cautious with this combination. Talk with your health company.

    Nsaids are anti-inflammatory medications utilized to reduce discomfort and swelling. Borage seed oil is also utilized as an anti-inflammatory medication. Often nsaids and borage seed oil are utilized together for.

    Rheumatoid arthritis. However, borage seed oil seems to work in a various way than nsaids. Some scientists think that taking nsaids in addition to borage seed oil may decrease the efficiency of borage seed oil. But it is too soon to know if this is true.

    Some nsaids consist of ibuprofen (advil, motrin, nuprin, others), indomethacin (indocin), naproxen (aleve, anaprox, naprelan, naprosyn), piroxicam (feldene), aspirin, and others. [16]

    Preventative measures

    Borage oil can hinder the blood’s capability to embolisms, so it needs to be avoided by people on blood-thinning drugs and those with strategies to go through surgical treatment. People with immune conditions and those with epilepsy need to also avoid the supplement, as it may suppress the immune system and prompt seizures. Borage plants contain unsaturated pyrrolizidine alkaloids, plant chemicals that can damage the liver and might be carcinogenic in large doses, so supplement takers should look for products that are identified upa-free. The supplement can trigger nausea and bloating. [17]

    Conclusion

    Borage oil, or borage seed oil, is a rich source of gamma-linolenic acid (gla) that is acquired from the seeds of the borago officinalis (borage). Borage oil is used as a natural treatment of skin disorders consisting of eczema, seborrheic dermatitis, and neurodermatitis along with other inflammatory, cardiovascular and endocrine disorders, although its clinical efficacy and long-term impacts are not completely clarified yet. Gla, which represents approximately 24% of the oil, is converted to dihomo-γ-linolenic acid (dgla) which acts as a precursor to anti-inflammatory mediators such as 1-series prostaglandins and the 3-series leukotrienes. Borage oil might be found in foods or in skin care products. [18]

    References

    1. Https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/borage_seed_oil
    2. Https://www.webmd.com/vitamins/ai/ingredientmono-596/borage
    3. Https://www.newdirectionsaromatics.com/blog/products/borage-carrier-oil-benefits-and-uses.html
    4. Https://www.gardeningknowhow.com/edible/herbs/borage/borage-herb.htm
    5. Http://www.gcmachines.com/borage-seed-oil-extraction.html
    6. Https://www.versusarthritis.org/about-arthritis/complementary-and-alternative-treatments/types-of-complementary-treatments/borage-seed-oil/
    7. Https://www.healthbenefitstimes.com/borage/
    8. Https://www.healthline.com/health/borage-oil#types
    9. Https://www.stylecraze.com/articles/benefits-of-borage-for-skin-hair-and-health/
    10. Https://www.lesybarite.fr/en/blogs/complements-alimentaires/huile-de-bourrache-les-bienfaits-pour-la-peau-et-les-cheveux
    11. Https://www.wellandgood.com/borage-oil-benefits/
    12. Https://shikai.com/blogs/news/borage-oil-a-little-known-secret-for-maintaining-healthy-skin
    13. Https://www.stylist.co.uk/beauty/borage-seed-oil-skincare-uses-benefits-dry-skin-products/254923
    14. Https://www.thehealthsite.com/diseases-conditions/use-borage-seed-oil-to-fight-off-cancer-and-even-the-common-cold-677290/
    15. Https://draxe.com/nutrition/borage-oil/#how_to_use_dosage
    16. Https://www.rxlist.com/borage/supplements.htm
    17. Https://www.latimes.com/archives/la-xpm-2003-dec-22-he-supp22-story.html
    18. Https://go.drugbank.com/drugs/db11238

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